HB238 (2021) Detail

Prohibiting provocations based on a victim’s actual or perceived gender, gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation from being used as a defense in manslaughter cases.


HB 238  - AS INTRODUCED

 

 

2021 SESSION

21-0168

04/08

 

HOUSE BILL 238

 

AN ACT prohibiting provocations based on a victim’s actual or perceived gender, gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation from being used as a defense in manslaughter cases.

 

SPONSORS: Rep. Query, Hills. 16; Rep. Levesque, Straf. 4; Rep. Weston, Graf. 8; Rep. Bunker, Rock. 18; Rep. Mullen, Hills. 7; Rep. Tanner, Sull. 9; Rep. Alexander Jr., Hills. 6; Rep. Toll, Ches. 16; Rep. Amanda Bouldin, Hills. 12; Sen. Perkins Kwoka, Dist 21

 

COMMITTEE: Criminal Justice and Public Safety

 

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ANALYSIS

 

This bill prohibits provocations based on a victim’s actual or perceived gender, gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation from being used as a defense in manslaughter cases.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

21-0168

04/08

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty One

 

AN ACT prohibiting provocations based on a victim’s actual or perceived gender, gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation from being used as a defense in manslaughter cases.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

1  Homicide; Manslaughter.  Amend the introductory paragraph in RSA 630:2, I to read as follows:

I.  A person is guilty of manslaughter when [he] such person causes the death of another:

2  New Paragraph; Homicide; Manslaughter; Certain Provocation Not Objectively Reasonable.  Amend RSA 630:2 by inserting after paragraph III the following new paragraph:

IV.(a)  For the purpose of determining if the defendant was under the influence of extreme mental or emotional disturbance caused by extreme provocation pursuant to paragraph I, the provocation was not objectively reasonable if it resulted from the discovery of, knowledge about, or potential disclosure of the victim’s actual or perceived gender, gender identity, gender expression, sex, or sexual orientation, including under circumstances in which the victim made an unwanted nonforcible romantic or sexual advance towards the defendant, or if the defendant and victim dated or had a romantic or sexual relationship.  Nothing in this paragraph shall preclude the jury from considering all relevant facts to determine whether the defendant was in fact provoked for purposes of establishing subjective provocation.

(b)  For the purpose of this paragraph, “gender” includes a person’s gender identity and gender-related appearance and behavior regardless of whether that appearance or behavior is associated with the person’s gender as determined at birth.

3  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect January 1, 2022.

Links

HB238 at GenCourtMobile
HB238 Discussion

Action Dates

Date Body Type
March 1, 2021 House Hearing

Bill Text Revisions

HB238 Revision: 31553 Date: Jan. 9, 2021, 4:01 p.m.

Docket


March 1, 2021: Public Hearing: 03/01/2021 02:30 pm Members of the public may attend using the following link: To join the webinar: https://www.zoom.us/j/93127871930 / Executive session on pending legislation may be held throughout the day (time permitting) from the time the committee is initially convened.


Jan. 6, 2021: Introduced (in recess of) 01/06/2021 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety HJ 2 P. 40