SB309 (2018) Detail

(Second New Title) regulating groundwater pollution caused by polluting emissions in the air and relative to standards for perfluorochemicals in drinking water, ambient groundwater, and surface water.


CHAPTER 368

SB 309-FN - FINAL VERSION

 

03/08/2018   0973s

12Apr2018... 1310h

26Apr2018... 1580h

2018 SESSION

18-2838

08/10

 

SENATE BILL 309-FN

 

AN ACT regulating groundwater pollution caused by polluting emissions in the air and relative to standards for perfluorochemicals in drinking water, ambient groundwater, and surface water.

 

SPONSORS: Sen. Innis, Dist 24; Sen. Bradley, Dist 3; Sen. Avard, Dist 12; Sen. Fuller Clark, Dist 21; Sen. Gannon, Dist 23; Sen. Ward, Dist 8; Sen. Carson, Dist 14; Sen. Birdsell, Dist 19; Sen. Feltes, Dist 15; Rep. Messmer, Rock. 24; Rep. H. Marsh, Rock. 22; Rep. Emerick, Rock. 21; Rep. Bean, Rock. 21; Rep. Murray, Rock. 24

 

COMMITTEE: Energy and Natural Resources

 

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AMENDED ANALYSIS

 

This bill:

 

I.  Allows the department of environmental services to make rules regarding air pollution and the deposit of such pollutants on soils and water.

 

II.  Regulates devices emitting or having the potential to emit air pollutants that may harm soil and water through the deposit of such pollutants.

 

III.  Clarifies the basis for and requires periodic review of ambient groundwater quality standards.

 

IV.  Directs the department to evaluate the ambient ground water quality standards for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluoroctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and set ambient groundwater quality standards for perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS).

 

V.  Establishes the criteria for setting maximum contaminant limits for public drinking water and directs the department to set maximum contaminant limits for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluoroctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS).

 

VI.  Establishes a toxicologist position and a human health risk assessor position in the department of environmental services and makes an appropriation to fund the positions.

 

VII.  Directs the department to develop a plan, including a schedule and cost estimates, for establishing surface water quality standards for perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS)  in class A and class B waters.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

03/08/2018   0973s

12Apr2018... 1310h

26Apr2018... 1580h 18-2838

08/10

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Eighteen

 

AN ACT regulating groundwater pollution caused by polluting emissions in the air and relative to standards for perfluorochemicals in drinking water, ambient groundwater, and surface water.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

368:1  New Subparagraph; Rulemaking; Air Contaminant Impacts on Soil and Water.  Amend RSA 125-C:4, I by inserting after subparagraph (s) the following new subparagraph:

(t)  The determination of air contaminants subject to regulation, applicability thresholds, determination of best available control technology, and procedures to determine potential impacts of the deposit of such contaminants from the air on soils or water resources to implement RSA 125-C:10-e.

368:2  New Section; Requirements for Air Emissions of Perflourinated Compounds Impacting Soil and Water.  Amend RSA 125-C by inserting after section 10-d the following new section:

125-C:10-e  Requirements for Air Emissions of Perfluorinated Compounds Impacting Soil and Water.

I.  For the purposes of this section:

(a)  “Best available control technology” means “best available control technology” as defined in RSA 125-C:10-b, I(a).

(b)  “Ambient groundwater quality standard” means “ambient groundwater quality standard” as defined in RSA 485-C:2, I.

(c)  “Surface water quality standard” means “surface water quality standard” established in or pursuant to RSA 485-A.

(d)  “Perfluorinated Compounds" or "PFCs” means the list of compounds identified in paragraph 1.1 of Environmental Protection Agency Document #:  EPA/600/R-08/092 Method 537.  “Determination of Selected Perfluorinated Alkyl Acids in Drinking Water by Solid Phase Extraction and Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)”, Version 1.1 (September 2009).

(e)  "Precursor" means any substance that has been shown by sound science to be transformed into a PFC under ambient conditions reasonably expected to occur in New Hampshire.

II.  A device that emits to the air any PFCs or precursors that have caused or contributed to an exceedance of an ambient groundwater quality standard or surface water quality standard as a result of the deposition of any such PFCs or precursors from the air, shall be subject to the determination and application of best available control technology.  Within 6 months of the department determining that the device is subject to such control technology, the owner of the device shall submit to the department an application for a permit.  Within 12 months of permit issuance, the applicant shall complete construction and installation of controls consistent with the permit.  Operation of the source may continue through the permitting, construction, and installation time period.  A source which can demonstrate to the department that its device no longer contributes to an exceedance of an ambient groundwater quality standard or surface water quality standard shall be exempt from this section.

III.  The construction, installation, or modification of any device that has the potential, based on an applicability threshold adopted by the department, to cause or contribute to an exceedance of an ambient groundwater quality standard or surface water quality standard as a result of the deposition of any PFCs or precursors from the air, shall be prohibited without first applying for and obtaining a permit from the department that establishes emission limitations for such device based on best available control technology.

IV.  Part of the initial application for a permit under this section shall include an analysis of best available control technology for controlling emissions.  Any permit issued shall contain inspection, testing, and reporting requirements, as applicable, to ensure the conditions of the permit are met.

V.  Any determination of best available control technology under this section shall be subject to the following:

(a)  In no event shall application of best available control technology result in:

(1)  Emission of any air contaminant that would exceed the emissions allowed by any applicable standard under RSA 125-C or RSA 125-I or rules adopted pursuant to either chapter.

(2)  Emission of any air contaminant subject to this section in an amount disproportionate to the emissions of such air contaminant from other similar air pollution control devices for that air contaminant at facilities using similar technology.

(3)  Emission of any air contaminant subject to this section which causes or contributes to or has the potential to cause or contribute to an exceedance of an ambient groundwater quality standard or surface water quality standard, as a result of the deposition of the contaminant from the air.

(b)  If the department determines that the facility has more than one device that emits air contaminants subject to this section, the department shall determine best available control technology emission limitations for each such device.

VI.  This section shall only pertain to PFCs for which at least one study has been conducted in accordance with generally accepted scientific principles that demonstrates that the PFC of concern is known to cause or may reasonably be anticipated to cause acute, chronic, mutagenic, reproductive, or developmental health effects in humans as a result of exposure to such PFC.  The implementation of this section shall only rely upon standards that are based on federal maximum contaminant levels, health advisories, provisional health advisories, standards that are derived from federally published toxicological data, or more restrictive New Hampshire state standards.

368:3  New Subparagraph; Statement of Purpose.  Amend RSA 485:1, II by inserting after paragraph (h) the following new subparagraph:

(i)  Adopt primary drinking water standards by establishing maximum contaminant limits or treatment techniques.

368:4  Drinking Water Rules.  Amend RSA 485:3, I(b) to read as follows:

(b)  After consideration of the extent to which the contaminant is found in New Hampshire, the ability to detect the contaminant in public water systems, the ability to remove the contaminant from drinking water, and the costs and benefits to affected parties that will result from establishing the standard, a specification for each contaminant of either:

(1)  A maximum contaminant level that is acceptable in water for human consumption[, if it is feasible to ascertain the level of such contaminant in water in public water systems]; or

(2)  One or more treatment techniques or methods which lead to a reduction of the level of such contaminant sufficient to protect the public health, if it is not feasible to ascertain the level of such contaminant in water in the public water system; and

368:5  New Subdivision; Perfluorochemicals.  Amend 485 by inserting after section 16-d the following new subdivision:

Perfluorochemicals

485:16-e  Perfluorochemicals.  By January 1, 2019, the commissioner shall, in consultation with the commissioner of the department of health and human services and other interested parties, initiate rulemaking in accordance with RSA 541-A to adopt a maximum contaminant limit for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluoroctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS).

368:6  Ambient Groundwater Quality Standards.  Amend RSA 485-C:6 to read as follows:

485-C:6  Ambient Groundwater Quality Standards.

I.  The commissioner shall establish and adopt ambient groundwater quality standards for regulated contaminants which adversely affect human health or the environment.  Ambient groundwater standards shall apply to all regulated contaminants which result from human operations or activities, but do not apply to naturally occurring contaminants.  Where state maximum contaminant levels have been adopted under RSA 485:3, I(b), ambient groundwater quality standards shall be equivalent to such standards.  Where federal maximum contaminant level or health advisories have been promulgated under the Federal Safe Drinking Water Act or rules relevant to such act, ambient groundwater quality standards shall be [equivalent to] no less stringent than such standards.  The commissioner may adopt standards more stringent than federal maximum contaminant levels or health advisories if, accounting for an adequate margin of safety to protect human health at all life stages, including but not limited to pre-natal development, the commissioner determines federal standards are insufficient for protection of human health.  Where such standards are established based upon health advisories that address cancer risks, the ambient groundwater quality standards shall be equivalent to that exposure which causes a lifetime exposure risk of one cancer in 1,000,000 exposed population.  Where no federal or state maximum contaminant level or health advisory has been issued, the commissioner may adopt ambient groundwater quality standards on a basis which provides for an adequate margin of safety to protect human health and safety.

II.  Health advisories that are adopted as ambient groundwater quality standards shall be reviewed by the department at least every 5 years to determine if new research warrants revising the current ambient groundwater quality standard.  If the department finds a revision is necessary it shall conduct rulemaking to adopt the revised standard.

III.  Ambient groundwater quality standards shall be the water quality basis for issuance of groundwater discharge permits under RSA 485-A: 13.

[ III.] IV.  Except for discharges of domestic wastewater regulated under RSA 485-A:13 and RSA 485-A:29, no person shall violate ambient groundwater quality standards.

V.  By January 1, 2019, the commissioner shall, in consultation with the commissioner of the department of health and human services and interested parties, initiate rulemaking to adopt ambient groundwater quality standards for perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS).

VI.  By January 1, 2019, the commissioner shall, in consultation with the commissioner of the department of health and human services and interested parties, conduct a review to determine whether current research warrants revising the existing ambient groundwater quality standards for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS).

368:7  Department of Environmental Services; Positions Established; Appropriation.  There is established within the department of environmental services one classified toxicologist position and one classified human health risk assessor for the purposes of developing appropriate standards to protect groundwater and drinking water quality under RSA 485-C.  The sum necessary to pay the salary, benefits, and other costs related to the positions established in this section is hereby appropriated to the department of environmental services for the biennium ending June 30, 2019.  This appropriation shall be in addition to any other appropriations made to the department in the biennium.  The governor is authorized to draw a warrant for said sum out of any money in treasury not otherwise appropriated.

368:8  Department of Environmental Services; Surface Water Quality Standards. The commissioner of environmental services shall develop a plan, including a schedule and cost estimates, to establish surface water quality standards for perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS) in class A and class B waters for all designated uses.  The commissioner shall submit the plan upon its completion, but no later than January 1, 2020, to the house resources, recreation, and development committee and the senate energy and natural resources committee.

368:9 Effective Date.

I.  Sections 1 and 2 of this act shall take effect 60 days after its passage.

II.  The remainder of this act shall take effect upon its passage.

 

Approved: July 10, 2018

Effective Date:

I. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect September 8, 2018.

II. Remainder shall take effect July 10, 2018.

 

 

Links

SB309 at GenCourtMobile

Action Dates

Date Body Type
Jan. 23, 2018 Senate Hearing
March 8, 2018 Senate Floor Vote
March 15, 2018 Senate Floor Vote
March 27, 2018 House Hearing
April 3, 2018 House Exec Session
House Floor Vote
April 12, 2018 House Floor Vote
April 18, 2018 House Exec Session
April 18, 2018 House Exec Session
April 26, 2018 House Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

SB309 Revision: 4296 Date: July 11, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
SB309 Revision: 3777 Date: May 7, 2018, 10:08 a.m.
SB309 Revision: 3602 Date: April 26, 2018, 1:56 p.m.
SB309 Revision: 3454 Date: April 12, 2018, 3:17 p.m.
SB309 Revision: 3226 Date: March 14, 2018, 9:25 a.m.
SB309 Revision: 2898 Date: Jan. 9, 2018, 8:20 a.m.

Docket

Date Status
Jan. 3, 2018 Introduced 01/03/2018 and Referred to Energy and Natural Resources; SJ 2
Jan. 23, 2018 Hearing: 01/23/2018, Room 103, SH, 10:00 am; SC 3
March 8, 2018 Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-0973s, 03/08/2018; SC 10A
March 8, 2018 Committee Amendment # 2018-0973s, AA, VV; 03/08/2018; SJ 6
March 8, 2018 Ought to Pass with Amendment 2018-0973s, MA, VV; Refer to Finance Rule 4-5; 03/08/2018; SJ 6
March 15, 2018 Committee Report: Ought to Pass, 03/15/2018; SC 12A
March 15, 2018 Ought to Pass: MA, VV; OT3rdg; 03/15/2018; SJ 8
March 15, 2018 Introduced 03/15/2018 and referred to Resources, Recreation and Development HJ 8 P. 70
March 27, 2018 Public Hearing: 03/27/2018 10:00 AM LOB 305
April 3, 2018 Full Committee Work Session: 04/03/2018 11:30 AM LOB 305-307
April 3, 2018 Executive Session: 04/03/2018 LOB 305
Majority Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-1310h (NT) (Vote 12-1; RC)
April 12, 2018 Majority Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-1310h (NT) for 04/12/2018 (Vote 12-1; RC) HC 14 P. 9
Minority Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate
April 12, 2018 Amendment # 2018-1310h: AA VV 04/12/2018 HJ 12 P. 19
April 12, 2018 Ought to Pass with Amendment 1310h: MA DV 263-71 04/12/2018 HJ 12 P. 21
April 12, 2018 Referred to Finance 04/12/2018 HJ 12 P. 21
April 17, 2018 Division I Work Session: 04/17/2018 01:20 PM LOB 212
April 18, 2018 Executive Session: 04/18/2018 01:00 PM LOB 210-211
April 18, 2018 Executive Session: 04/18/2018 01:00 PM LOB 210-211
Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-1580h (NT) (Vote 26-0; RC)
April 26, 2018 Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-1580h (NT) for 04/26/2018 (Vote 26-0; RC) HC 16 P. 12
April 26, 2018 Amendment # 2018-1580h: AA VV 04/26/2018
April 26, 2018 Ought to Pass with Amendment 1580h: MA VV 04/26/2018
May 2, 2018 Sen. Avard Moved to Concur with the House Amendment, MA, VV; 05/02/2018; SJ 15
May 10, 2018 Enrolled 05/10/2018
May 10, 2018 Enrolled (In recess 05/10/2018); SJ 18