SB556 (2018) Detail

Relative to changes in bail procedures and procedures for annulment of a criminal record.


CHAPTER 366

SB 556-FN - FINAL VERSION

 

03/08/2018   0958s

19Apr2018... 1253h

19Apr2018... 1577h

05/23/2018   2017CofC

05/23/2018   2122EBA

 

2018 SESSION

18-2977

04/03

 

SENATE BILL 556-FN

 

AN ACT relative to changes in bail procedures and procedures for annulment of a criminal record.

 

SPONSORS: Sen. Feltes, Dist 15; Sen. Bradley, Dist 3; Sen. French, Dist 7; Sen. Fuller Clark, Dist 21; Sen. Hennessey, Dist 5; Sen. Lasky, Dist 13; Sen. Reagan, Dist 17; Sen. Watters, Dist 4; Sen. Woodburn, Dist 1; Rep. Rouillard, Hills. 6; Rep. Eaton, Ches. 3; Rep. Berch, Ches. 1; Rep. Cushing, Rock. 21; Rep. Welch, Rock. 13

 

COMMITTEE: Judiciary

 

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AMENDED ANALYSIS

 

This bill revises the procedures for the granting of bail, amends the procedure for annulment of violations and class B misdemeanors depending on the date of conviction, and amends the requirements for demonstrating indigency for the purpose of annulment of a criminal record.  The bill also establishes a commission on pretrial detention, pretrial scheduling, and pretrial services.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

03/08/2018   0958s

19Apr2018... 1253h

19Apr2018... 1577h

05/23/2018   2017CofC

05/23/2018   2122EBA

18-2977

04/03

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Eighteen

 

AN ACT relative to changes in bail procedures and procedures for annulment of a criminal record.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

366:1  Short Title.  This act shall be known as the Criminal Justice Reform and Economic Fairness Act of 2018.

366:2  Bail and Recognizances; Release of a Defendant Pending Trial.  RSA 597:2 is repealed and reenacted to read as follows:

597:2  Release of a Defendant Pending Trial.

I.  Except as provided in paragraph VI, upon the appearance before the court of a person charged with an offense, the court shall issue an order that, pending arraignment or trial, the person be:

(a)  Released on his or her personal recognizance or upon execution of an unsecured appearance bond, pursuant to the provisions of paragraph III;

(b)  Released on a condition or combination of conditions pursuant to the provisions of paragraph III; or

(c)  Temporarily detained to permit revocation of conditional release pursuant to the provisions of paragraph VIII.

II.  Except as provided in RSA 597:1-d, a person charged with a probation violation shall be entitled to a bail hearing.  The court shall issue an order that, pending a probation violation hearing, the person be:

(a)  Released on his or her personal recognizance or upon execution of an unsecured appearance bond, pursuant to the provisions of paragraph III;

(b)  Released on a condition or combination of conditions pursuant to the provisions of paragraph III; or

(c)  Detained.

III.(a)  The court shall order the pre-arraignment or pretrial release of the person on his or her personal recognizance, or upon execution of an unsecured appearance bond in an amount specified by the court, or cash or corporate surety bail, subject to the condition that the person not commit a crime during the period of his or her release, and subject to such further condition or combination of conditions that the court may require unless the court determines by a preponderance of the evidence that such release will not reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required.  A person who the court determines to be a danger to the safety of that person or the public shall be governed by the provisions of paragraph IV, except that such dangerousness determination shall not be based solely on evidence of drug or alcohol addiction or homelessness.

(b)  In determining the amount of the unsecured appearance bond or cash or corporate surety bail under subparagraph II(a), if any, the court:

(1)  Shall not impose a financial condition that will result in the pretrial detention of a person solely as a result of that financial condition.

(2)  Shall consider whether the person is the parent and sole caretaker of a child and whether, as a result, such child would become the responsibility of the division of children, youth and families.

(3)  Shall consider whether the person is the sole income producer for dependents.

(c)  For purposes of the court’s determination under this paragraph, evidence of homelessness or a lack of a mailing address by itself shall not constitute prima facie evidence of a lack of reasonable assurance that a person will not appear.

(d)  If, as a result of the court’s decision, a person is detained, the court shall issue on the record findings of fact that document the basis for its decision.

(e)  If the court or justice determines by a preponderance of the evidence that the release described in this paragraph will not reasonably assure the appearance of the person, the court shall issue an order that includes the following conditions, subject to the limitation in subparagraph(b)(1):

(1)  The condition that the person not commit a crime during the period of release; and

(2)  Such further condition or combination of conditions that the court determines will reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required, which may include the condition that the person:

(A)  Execute an agreement to forfeit, upon failing to appear within 45 days of the date required, such designated property, including money, as is reasonably necessary to assure the appearance of the person as required, and post with the court such indicia of ownership of the property or such percentage of the money as the court or justice may specify;

(B)  Furnish bail for his or her appearance by recognizance with sufficient sureties or by deposit of moneys equal to the amount of the bail required as the court may direct; and

(3)  Satisfy any other condition that is reasonably necessary to assure the appearance of the person as required and to assure the safety of the person or the public.

(f)  In considering the conditions of release described in subparagraph (e)(2)(A) or (e)(2)(B), the court may, upon its own motion, or shall, upon the motion of the state, conduct an inquiry into the source of the property to be designated for potential forfeiture or offered as collateral to secure a bond, and shall decline to accept the designation, or the use as collateral, of property that, because of its source, will not reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required.

IV.(a)  If a person is charged with any criminal offense, an offense listed in RSA 173-B:1, I or a violation of a protective order under RSA 458:16, III, or after arraignment, with a violation of a protective order issued under RSA 173-B, the court may order preventive detention without bail, or, in the alternative, may order restrictive conditions including but not limited to electronic monitoring and supervision, only if the court determines by clear and convincing evidence that release will endanger the safety of that person or the public.  The court may consider the following conduct as evidence of posing a danger, including, but not limited to:

(1)  Threats of suicide.

(2)  Acute depression.

(3)  History of violating protective orders.

(4)  Possessing or attempting to possess a deadly weapon in violation of an order.

(5)  Death threats or threats of possessiveness toward another.

(6)  Stalking, as defined in RSA 633:3-a.

(7)  Cruelty or violence directed toward pets.

V.  A no-contact provision contained in any bail order shall not be construed to:

(a)  Prevent counsel for the defendant from having contact with counsel for any of the individuals protected by such provision; or

(b)  Prevent the parties, if the defendant and one of the protected individuals are parties in a domestic violence or marital matter, from attending court hearings scheduled in such matters or exchanging copies of legal pleadings filed in court in such matters.

VI.  If a person is charged with violation of a protective order issued under RSA 173-B or RSA 633:3-a, the person shall be detained without bail pending arraignment pursuant to RSA 173-B:9, I(a).

VII.  In a release order issued pursuant to this section, the court shall include a written statement that sets forth:

(a)  All of the conditions to which the release is subject, in a manner sufficiently clear and specific to serve as a guide for the person’s conduct; and

(b)  The provisions of RSA 641:5, relative to tampering with witnesses and informants.

VIII.  A person charged with an offense who is, or was at the time the offense was committed, on release pending trial for a felony or misdemeanor under federal or state law, release pending imposition or execution of sentence, appeal of sentence or conviction, or completion of sentence, for any offense under federal or state law; or probation or parole for any offense under federal or state law, except as provided in RSA 597:1-d, III, may be detained for a period of not more than 72 hours from the time of his or her arrest, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.  The law enforcement agency making the arrest shall notify the appropriate court, probation or parole official, or federal, state, or local law enforcement official.  Upon such notice, the court shall direct the clerk to notify by telephone the department of corrections, division of field services, of the pending bail hearing.  If the department fails or declines to take the person into custody during that period, the person shall be treated in accordance with the provisions of law governing release pending trial.  Probationers and parolees who are arrested and fail to advise their supervisory probation officer or parole officer in accordance with the conditions of probations and parole may be subject to arrest and detention as probation and parole violators.

IX.  Upon the appearance of a person charged with a class B misdemeanor, the court shall issue an order that, pending arraignment, the person be released on his or her personal recognizance, unless the court determines pursuant to paragraph IV that such release will endanger the safety of the person or the public.  The court shall appoint an attorney to represent any indigent person charged with a class B misdemeanor denied release for the purpose of representing such person at any detention hearing.

X.  A person detained by a circuit court has the right to:

(a)  In the first instance, a hearing in circuit court within 36 hours after the filing of the motion, excluding weekends and holidays on a motion to reconsider the original detention order; and

(b)  A decision upon a de novo appeal, pursuant to RSA 597:6-e, II, to the superior court within 36 hours of the filing of the appeal, excluding weekends and holidays.

366:3  Bail and Recognizances; Review and Appeal of Release or Detention Order.  Amend RSA 597:6-e, II to read as follows:

II.  Subject to RSA 597:2, X, the person or the state may file with the superior court a motion for revocation of the order or amendment of the conditions of release set by a municipal or district court, by a justice, or by a bail commissioner.  The motion shall be determined promptly.  However, no action shall be taken on any such motion until the moving party has provided to the superior court certified copies of the complaint, affidavit, warrant, bail slip, and any other court orders relative to each charge for which a release or detention order was issued by a justice, or a bail commissioner.  In cases where a district court justice has made a finding, pursuant to RSA 597:2, [III-a] IV that the person poses a danger to another, the superior court shall, after notification to both parties, the police department that brought the charges in district court, and the victim, conduct a hearing and make written findings supporting any modifications and reasons for new conditions or changes from the district court order.  The reviewing court shall take into consideration the district court's written findings, orders, pleadings, or transcript when making a modification.

366:4  Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5, II to read as follows:

II.  For an offense disposed of before January 1, 2019 and any offense not subject to paragraph II-a, any person whose arrest has resulted in a finding of not guilty, or whose case was dismissed or not prosecuted, may petition for annulment of the arrest record or court record, or both, at any time in accordance with the provisions of this section.  Any person who was convicted of a criminal offense whose conviction was subsequently vacated by a court may petition for annulment of the arrest record or court record, or both, in accordance with the provisions of this section.  Nothing in this paragraph shall limit the provisions of subparagraph XI(b).

366:5  New Paragraph; Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5 by inserting after paragraph II the following new paragraph:

II-a.(a)  For an offense disposed of on or after January 1, 2019, any person whose arrest has resulted in a finding of not guilty on all charges that resulted from the arrest, or whose case was dismissed or not prosecuted, shall have the arrest record and court record annulled:

(1)  Thirty days following the finding of dismissal if an appeal is not taken under RSA 606:10 or finding of not guilty; or

(2)  Upon final determination of the appeal affirming the finding of dismissal if an appeal is taken under RSA 606:10.

(b)  For an offense disposed of on or after January 1, 2019, any person who was convicted of a criminal offense whose conviction was subsequently vacated by a court shall have the arrest record and court record annulled.  Nothing in this paragraph shall limit the provisions of subparagraph XI(b).

366:6  Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5, III(a) and (b) to read as follows:

(a)(1)  For a violation with a conviction date prior to January 1, 2019 or a violation with a conviction date on or after January 1, 2019 that was not the highest offense of conviction, one year, unless the underlying conviction was for an offense specified under RSA 259:39.

(2)  For a violation with a conviction date on or after January 1, 2019 where the violation was the highest offense of conviction, unless the underlying conviction was for an offense specified under RSA 259:39, or another violation for which there is an enhanced penalty for a subsequent conviction, one year after the person has completed all the terms and conditions of the sentence.  Upon completion of a petition by the person stating that the conviction is eligible for annulment, the court shall submit a notice of its determination to the person convicted of the offense and to the prosecutor.  The prosecutor shall have 20 days from the date of receipt of the notice to object to the annulment on the ground that the offense is not eligible for annulment or that the person has not completed all the terms and conditions of the sentence.  If the prosecutor fails to timely object or the court denies the prosecutor’s objection, the court shall annul the conviction.

(b)(1)  For a class B misdemeanor with a conviction date prior to January 1, 2019 or a class B misdemeanor with a conviction date on or after January 1, 2019 that was not the highest offense of conviction, except as provided in subparagraphs (f) and (h), 2 years.

(2)  For a class B misdemeanor with a conviction date on or after January 1, 2019 where the class B misdemeanor was the highest offense of conviction, except as provided in subparagraphs (f) and (h), 2 years after the person has completed all the terms and conditions of the sentence.  Upon completion of a petition by the person stating that the class B misdemeanor is eligible for annulment, the court shall submit a notice of its determination to the person convicted of the offense and to the prosecutor.  The prosecutor shall have 20 days from the date of receipt of the notice to object to the annulment on the ground that the offense is not eligible for annulment or that the person has not completed all the terms and conditions of the sentence.  If the prosecutor fails to timely object or the court denies the prosecutor’s objection, the court shall annul the conviction.

366:7  Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5, IX to read as follows:

IX.  When a petition for annulment is timely brought, the court shall require the department of corrections to report to the court concerning any state or federal convictions, arrests, or prosecutions of the petitioner and any other information which the court believes may aid in making a determination on the petition.  The department shall charge the petitioner a fee of $100 to cover the cost of such investigation unless the petitioner demonstrates that he or she is indigent, or has been found not guilty, or the case has been dismissed or not prosecuted in accordance with paragraph II.  The department of safety shall charge the successful petitioner a fee of $100 for researching and correcting the criminal history record accordingly, unless the petitioner demonstrates that he or she is indigent, or has been found not guilty, or the case has been dismissed or not prosecuted in accordance with paragraph II.  The court shall provide a copy of the petition to the prosecutor of the underlying offense and permit them to be heard regarding the interest of justice in regard to the petition.  The petitioner's request for a court filing fee waiver shall be submitted on a form supplied by the court.

366:8  Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5, X(d) to read as follows:

(d)  Upon payment of a fee not to exceed $100 to the state police, and subject to the provisions of subparagraph XI(b), the state police criminal records unit shall remove the annulled criminal record and inform all appropriate state and federal agencies of the annulment, unless the petitioner demonstrates that he or she is indigent, or has been found not guilty, or the case has been dismissed or not prosecuted in accordance with paragraph II.  The state police shall grant the fee waiver request where the petitioner demonstrates indigency by including with the fee waiver request an affidavit listing the petitioner's monthly net income and that of his or her spouse, and the assets of the petitioner and his or her spouse.  The fee waiver request form used shall be substantially similar to the forms for waiver of fees and costs in the superior courts.   

366:9  Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5, III(d)-(e) to read as follows:

(d)  For a class B felony except as provided in [subparagraph] subparagraphs (g) and (i), 5 years.

(e)  For a class A felony, except as provided in subparagraph (i), 10 years.

366:10  Annulment of Criminal Records.  Amend RSA 651:5, III(i) to read as follows:

(i)  For a class A misdemeanor or felony offense under RSA 318-B:26, II[(d) or (e)], 2 years.

366:11  New Subdivision; Commission on Pretrial Detention, Pretrial Scheduling, and Pretrial Services.  Amend RSA 597 by inserting after section 42 the following new subdivision:

Commission on Pretrial Detention, Pretrial Scheduling, and Pretrial Services

597:43  Commission Established.  

I.  There is established a commission on pretrial detention, pretrial scheduling, and pretrial services.  The commission shall consist of the following members:

(a)  One member of the senate, appointed by the senate president.

(b)  Three members of the house of representatives, appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives.

(c)  The attorney general, or designee.

(d)  The chief justice of the New Hampshire superior court, or designee.

(e)  The chief administrative judge of the New Hampshire circuit court, or designee.

(f)  The executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of New Hampshire, or designee.

(g)  The executive director of the New Hampshire Public Defender, or designee.

(h)  The president of the New Hampshire Association of Chiefs of Police, or designee.

(i)  The president of the New Hampshire Police Association, or designee.

(j)  One superintendent of a New Hampshire county correctional facility, appointed by the governor.

(k)  One member from the public with experience in law enforcement, appointed by the governor.  

II.  The commission shall:

(a)  Review and provide recommendations on risk assessment, dangerousness determinations, pretrial services, and funding for pretrial services in advance of the 2019-2021 state biennial operating budget.

(b)  Review and provide recommendations on cost-effective court communications and scheduling of pretrial matters.

(c)  Solicit testimony and input from the general public.

III.  Legislative members of the commission shall receive mileage at the legislative rate when attending to the duties of the commission.  The members of the commission shall elect a chairperson from among the members.  The first meeting of the commission shall be called by the senate member.  The first meeting of the commission shall be held within 45 days of the effective date of this section.  Seven members of the commission shall constitute a quorum.

IV.  The commission shall report its findings and any recommendations for proposed legislation to the president of the senate, the speaker of the house of representatives, the senate clerk, the house clerk, the governor, and the state library on or before November 1, 2018.

366:12  Repeal.  RSA 597:43, relative to the commission on pretrial detention, pretrial scheduling, and pretrial services, is repealed.

366:13  Effective Date.  

I.  Sections 1-10 of this act shall take effect 60 days after its passage.

II.  Section 12 of this act shall take effect November 1, 2018.  

III.  The remainder of this act shall take effect upon its passage.

 

Approved: July 02, 2018

Effective Date:

I. Sections 1-10 shall take effect August 31, 2018.

II. Section 12 shall take effect November 1, 2018.

III. Remainder shall take effect July 2, 2018.

 

 

Links

SB556 at GenCourtMobile

Action Dates

Date Body Type
Jan. 23, 2018 Senate Hearing
March 8, 2018 Senate Floor Vote
March 27, 2018 House Hearing
April 3, 2018 House Exec Session
House Floor Vote
April 19, 2018 House Floor Vote
May 17, 2018 House Floor Vote
May 23, 2018 House Floor Vote
May 23, 2018 Senate Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

SB556 Revision: 4289 Date: July 5, 2018, 9 a.m.
SB556 Revision: 3954 Date: June 6, 2018, 12:16 p.m.
SB556 Revision: 3532 Date: May 4, 2018, 2:57 p.m.
SB556 Revision: 3235 Date: March 9, 2018, 1:07 p.m.
SB556 Revision: 2888 Date: Jan. 9, 2018, 8:58 a.m.

Docket

Date Status
Jan. 3, 2018 Introduced 01/03/2018 and Referred to Judiciary; SJ 2
Jan. 23, 2018 Hearing: 01/23/2018, Room 100, SH, 09:40 am; SC 4
March 8, 2018 Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-0958s, 03/08/2018; Vote 5-0; CC; SC 10A
March 8, 2018 Committee Amendment # 2018-0958s, AA, VV; 03/08/2018; SJ 6
March 8, 2018 Ought to Pass with Amendment 2018-0958s, MA, VV; OT3rdg; 03/08/2018; SJ 6
March 7, 2018 Introduced 03/07/2018 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety HJ 7 P. 54
March 27, 2018 Public Hearing: 03/27/2018 11:00 AM LOB 204
April 3, 2018 Executive Session: 04/03/2018 LOB 204
Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-1253h (Vote 17-2; RC)
April 19, 2018 Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2018-1253h for 04/19/2018 (Vote 17-2; RC) HC 15 P. 11
April 19, 2018 Amendment # 2018-1253h: AA VV 04/19/2018 HJ 13 P. 18
April 19, 2018 FLAM # 2018-1577h (Rep. Welch): AA VV 04/19/2018 HJ 13 P. 19
April 19, 2018 Ought to Pass with Amendment 1253h and 1577h: MA VV 04/19/2018 HJ 13 P. 19
May 2, 2018 Sen. Carson Moved Nonconcur with the House Amendment; Requests C of C, MA, VV; 05/02/2018; SJ 15
May 2, 2018 President Appoints: Senators Carson, French, Feltes; 05/02/2018; SJ 15
May 10, 2018 House Accedes to Senate Request for CofC (Rep. Welch): MA VV 05/10/2018
May 10, 2018 Speaker Appoints: Reps. Welch, Sapareto, Rodd, Cushing 05/10/2018
May 15, 2018 Committee of Conference Meeting: 05/15/2018, 10:00 am, Room 100, SH
May 17, 2018 Conference Committee Report # 2018-2017c Filed 05/17/2018; House Amendment + New Amendment
May 23, 2018 Conference Committee Report 2017c: Adopted, VV 05/23/2018
May 23, 2018 Conference Committee Report # 2018-2017c, Adopted, VV; 05/23/2018; SJ 18
May 23, 2018 Enrolled Bill Amendment # 2018-2122e: AA VV 05/23/2018
May 23, 2018 Enrolled Bill Amendment # 2018-2122e Adopted, VV, (In recess of 05/23/2018); SJ 18
May 23, 2018 Enrolled 05/23/2018
May 23, 2018 Enrolled (In recess 05/23/2018); SJ 18
July 2, 2018 Signed by the Governor on 07/02/2018; Chapter 0366
Aug. 31, 2018 I. Section 1-10 Effective 08/31/2018
Nov. 1, 2018 II. Section 12 Effective 11/01/2018
July 2, 2018 III. Remainder shall take effect 07/02/2018