HB 109-FN - FINAL VERSION
HOUSE BILL 109-FN
SPONSORS: Rep. Rogers, Merr. 28; Rep. Huot, Belk. 3; Rep. Butler, Carr. 7; Rep. Berch, Ches. 1; Rep. Mulligan, Graf. 12; Rep. Heath, Hills. 14; Rep. Wallner, Merr. 10; Rep. Berrien, Rock. 18; Rep. M. Smith, Straf. 6; Rep. Oxenham, Sull. 1; Sen. Hennessey, Dist 5
COMMITTEE: Criminal Justice and Public Safety
This bill requires commercial firearms sales or transfers in this state to be subject to a criminal background check and provides a criminal penalty for a violation. The bill excludes private, noncommercial sales or transfers between individuals, provided neither individual is prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm under state or federal law.
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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.
Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]
Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.
27Jun2019... 2656-EBA 19-0019
STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE
In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Nineteen
Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:
1 Purpose. It is the purpose and intent of the general court in enacting RSA 159-E to require commercial firearm sales in New Hampshire to be processed through a licensed firearms dealer, who will conduct a background check and create a record of each sale. The general court believes this law will protect public safety by helping to keep firearms out of the hands of felons, domestic abusers, and those adjudicated to be mentally ill.
BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR COMMERCIAL FIREARMS SALES
159-E:1 Definitions. In this chapter:
I. “Commercial sale” means a transfer of ownership of a firearm, including but not limited to, a sale, exchange, or gift.
II. “Firearm” means any weapon or device designed to be used as a weapon, which will, is designed to, or may be readily converted to, expel a projectile by the action of an explosive, explosion, or other means of combustion, or the frame or receiver of such a device, provided the term “firearm” shall not include the term “antique firearm” as defined in 18 U.S.C. section 921(a)(16), or a weapon that has been rendered permanently inoperable and is incapable of being readily restored to a firing condition.
III. "Immediate family member" means a spouse, parent, stepparent, child, stepchild, sibling, stepsibling, grandparent, step-grandparent, grandchild, step-grandchild, great-grandparent, step-great-grandparent, great-grandchild, and step-great-grandchild.
IV. “Individual” means a natural person.
V. “Law enforcement” means any person employed by the United States, or a state, county, city, or town, or other political subdivision as a police officer, peace officer, or another position involving the enforcement of the law and protection of the public interest.
VI. “Licensed firearms dealer,” “licensed dealer,” or “dealer” means a person who has a valid federal firearms dealer license under 18 U.S.C. section 923(a), and all additional licenses required by state or local law to engage in the business of selling or transferring firearms.
VII. “Person” means any corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, club, organization, society, joint stock company or other entity, and shall include any entity that engages in business in this state, in whole or part, through Internet or mail order sales.
VII. “Prohibited person” means any individual or person who is prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm pursuant to 18 U.S.C. section 922(d) or pursuant to state law.
159-E:2 Firearms Sales to be Conducted Through a Licensed Dealer.
I. No individual or person shall engage in the commercial sale of a firearm unless:
(a) The individual or person is a licensed firearms dealer;
(b) The purchaser is a licensed firearms dealer; or
(c) The requirements of paragraph II are met.
II. If neither party to a prospective firearms transaction is a licensed firearms dealer, the parties to the transaction shall complete the commercial sale through a licensed firearms dealer as follows:
(a) The seller shall deliver the firearm to the dealer, who shall process the sale as if he or she were the seller, except that the seller may remove the firearm from the business premises of the licensed dealer while the background check is being conducted. If the seller removes the firearm from the business premises of the licensed dealer while the background check is being conducted, the purchaser and the seller shall return to the business premises of the licensed dealer, and the seller shall again deliver the firearm to the licensed dealer prior to completing the sale.
(b) Except as provided in subparagraph (a), the dealer shall comply with all requirements of federal, state, and local law that would apply if the licensed dealer were selling the firearm from his or her inventory to the purchaser, including but not limited to, conducting a background check on the prospective purchaser, which shall include a check of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), and compliance with all federal, state, and local recordkeeping requirements.
(c) If the transaction is not prohibited, the dealer shall deliver the firearm to the buyer after all legal requirements are met.
(d) If the dealer cannot legally deliver the firearm to the buyer, the dealer shall return the firearm to the seller without requiring a background check and the transfer to the buyer shall not take place.
(e) The dealer may impose on the purchaser a reasonable fee to cover administrative costs incurred by the dealer for facilitating the transfer of the firearm, plus any applicable fees permitted under state or federal law.
159-E:3 Successful Completion of Background Check. No firearm shall be delivered to an individual pursuant to a commercial sale until NICS has issued a “proceed” response.
159-E:4 Exceptions. This chapter shall not apply to a commercial sale where the transfer of ownership is:
(a) Between individuals, provided neither party to the transaction is a prohibited person. If the status of an individual's eligibility to own or possess a firearm cannot be ascertained, the transaction shall be completed through a licensed firearm dealer pursuant to RSA 159-E:2, II;
(b) Between immediate family members;
(c) To a licensed importer, licensed manufacturer, licensed dealer, or licensed collector, as those terms are defined by 18 USC section 921;
(d) By or to a law enforcement agency; or
(e) By or to a law enforcement officer or member of the United States Armed Forces acting within the course of his or her official duties.
I. Any individual or person who violates any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor for a first offense, and a class A misdemeanor for a second or subsequent offense.
II. The local law enforcement agency shall report all violations of this chapter by a licensed firearms dealer to the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.
159-E:6 Other Laws.
I. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to modify or change the duties of the department of safety pursuant to RSA 159-D.
II. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require or authorize any state, county, or local law enforcement agency to establish or maintain a registry of firearms sold or transferred in accordance with this chapter.
3 Applicability. The provisions of section 2 of this act shall apply to the sale of a firearm on or after the effective date of this act and shall not apply to sales completed prior to the effective date of this act.
4 Contingent Renumbering. If HB 514-FN of the 2019 regular legislative session becomes law, RSA 159-E:1 through RSA 159-E:5 and all references to RSA 159-E as inserted by sections 1 and 2 of this act shall be renumbered as RSA 159-F.
VETOED August 9, 2019
Veto Sustained September 18, 2019
HB 109-FN- FISCAL NOTE
AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE (AMENDMENT #2019-2244s)
FISCAL IMPACT: [ X ] State [ X ] County [ ] Local [ ] None
Estimated Increase / (Decrease)
[ X ] General [ ] Education [ ] Highway [ ] Other
This bill requires background checks for commercial firearm sales or transfers. The bill excludes private, noncommercial sales or transfers between individuals, provided neither individual is prohibited from owning or possessing a firearm under state or federal law. The bill contains penalties that may have an impact on the New Hampshire judicial and correctional systems. There is no method to determine how many charges would be brought as a result of the changes contained in this bill to determine the fiscal impact on expenditures. However, the entities impacted have provided the potential costs associated with these penalties below.
Class B Misdemeanor
Class A Misdemeanor
It should be noted that average case cost estimates for FY 2020 and FY 2021 are based on data that is more than ten years old and does not reflect changes to the courts over that same period of time or the impact these changes may have on processing the various case types.
NH Association of Counties
County Prosecution Costs
Estimated Average Daily Cost of Incarcerating an Individual
$105 to $120
$105 to $120
The Judicial Council assumes this bill is unlikely to affect expenditures for defense of the indigent accused. The indigent defense system is not usually called upon to provide representation to someone who violates laws governing business and industry. If a licensed firearm dealer were to be charged with violating this legislation, the violation would take place in the context of his or her occupation and it would be unlikely that they would meet the eligibility standards for appointment of counsel.
Many offenses are prosecuted by local and county prosecutors. When the Department of Justice has investigative and prosecutorial responsibility or is involved in an appeal, the Department would likely absorb the cost within its existing budget. If the Department needs to prosecute significantly more cases or handle more appeals, then costs may increase by an indeterminable amount.
The Department of Safety indicates the bill would increase general fund expenditures for staff and related costs as the number of background checks will increase. Each calendar year the State Police Permits and Licensing Unit, Gun Line handles about 60,000 calls from Federal Firearm Licensed dealers (FFL) for background checks on the sale of handguns to New Hampshire Residents. The Department indicates the number of background checks will increase, however it is impossible to determine what percentage of current private sales would be subject to a transfer through a FFL as a "commercial sale". The Permits and Licensing Unit, Gun Line does not charge a fee for this background check service so there is no revenue impact. The Department assumes the additional responsibility for the increase in background checks would require additional staff. The cost for an additional gun clerk position is approximately $50,000 in the first year. The current facilities housing the Gun Line has reached capacity, therefore there would be additional associated costs for any additional staff. FFL dealers typically charge $25 to $50 to transfer a firearm, but there would be no additional revenue to the State, county or municipalities.
Judicial Branch, Judicial Council, Departments of Justice and Safety
|Feb. 13, 2019||House||Hearing|
|Feb. 21, 2019||House||Exec Session|
|March 19, 2019||House||Floor Vote|
|April 23, 2019||Senate||Hearing|
|April 30, 2019||Senate||Hearing|
|May 23, 2019||Senate||Floor Vote|
|May 23, 2019||Senate||Floor Vote|
|Jan. 2, 2019||Introduced 01/02/2019 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety HJ 2 P. 38|
|Feb. 13, 2019||==ROOM CHANGE== Public Hearing: 02/13/2019 01:00 pm LOB 206-208|
|Feb. 21, 2019||Executive Session: 02/21/2019 11:00 am LOB 204|
|March 19, 2019||Majority Committee Report: Ought to Pass for 03/19/2019 (Vote 10-9; RC) HC 16 P. 23|
|Majority Committee Report: Ought to Pass (Vote 10-9; RC)|
|Minority Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate|
|March 19, 2019||FLAM # 2019-1101h (Rep. B. Griffin): AF RC 92-237 03/19/2019 HJ 10 P. 85|
|March 19, 2019||Lay on Table (Rep. Welch): MF RC 147-202 03/19/2019 HJ 10 P. 85|
|March 19, 2019||Ought to Pass: MA RC 203-148 03/19/2019 HJ 10 P. 85|
|March 28, 2019||Introduced 03/28/2019 and Referred to Judiciary; SJ 12|
|April 23, 2019||Hearing: 04/23/2019, Room 100, SH, 10:15 am; SC 19|
|April 30, 2019||Hearing: 04/30/2019, Room 100, SH, 09:00 am; SC 20|
|May 23, 2019||Committee Report: Ought to Pass, 05/23/2019; SC 23|
|May 23, 2019||Special Order to the beginning of the regular calendar, Without Objection, MA; 05/23/2019; SJ 17|
|May 23, 2019||Sen. Hennessey Floor Amendment # 2019-2244s, RC 13Y-10N, AA; 05/23/2019; SJ 17|
|May 23, 2019||Ought to Pass with Amendment 2019-2244s, RC 13Y-10N, MA; OT3rdg; 05/23/2019; SJ 17|
|June 13, 2019||House Concurs with Senate Amendment 2244s (Rep. Cushing): MA RC 196-161 06/13/2019 HJ 19 P. 2|
|June 27, 2019||Enrolled Bill Amendment # 2019-2656e Adopted, VV, (In recess of 06/27/2019); SJ 21|
|June 27, 2019||Enrolled Bill Amendment # 2019-2656e: AA VV 06/27/2019 HJ 20 P. 54|
|June 27, 2019||Enrolled (In recess 06/27/2019); SJ 21|
|June 27, 2019||Enrolled 06/27/2019 HJ 20 P. 56|
|Aug. 9, 2019||Vetoed by Governor Sununu 08/09/2019|
|Sept. 18, 2019||Veto Sustained 09/18/2019: RC 218-162 Lacking Necessary Two-Thirds Vote HJ 21 P. 7|