HB270 (2019) Detail

Relative to commencement of foreclosure by civil action.


HB 270 - AS INTRODUCED

 

 

2019 SESSION

19-0473

06/04

 

HOUSE BILL 270

 

AN ACT relative to commencement of foreclosure by civil action.

 

SPONSORS: Rep. Williams, Hills. 4

 

COMMITTEE: Judiciary

 

─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

 

ANALYSIS

 

This bill requires that mortgage foreclosures be commenced by civil actions brought in superior court.  This bill also modifies the period of redemption for a mortgage.

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

19-0473

06/04

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Nineteen

 

AN ACT relative to commencement of foreclosure by civil action.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

1  Redemption.  Amend RSA 479:18 to read as follows:

479:18  Redemption After Condition Broken.  All lands conveyed in mortgage may be redeemed by the mortgagor, after the condition thereof is broken, by the payment of all demands and the performance of all things secured by the mortgage and the payment of all damages and costs sustained and incurred by reason of the nonperformance of its condition, or by a legal tender thereof, [before] within 90 days after the court's order of foreclosure.

2  Subdivision Heading Deleted.  Amend RSA 479 by deleting the subdivision heading preceeding RSA 479:22.

3  Commencement of Foreclosure by Civil Action.  RSA 479:25 is repealed and reenacted to read as follows:

479:25  Commencement of Foreclosure by Civil Action.

I.(a)  After breach of condition in a mortgage of first priority, the mortgagee or any person claiming under the mortgagee may proceed for the purpose of foreclosure by a civil action against all parties in interest in the superior court in the county in which the mortgaged premises or any part of the mortgaged premises is located, regardless of the amount of the mortgage claim.

(b)  After breach of condition of any mortgage other than one of the first priority, the mortgagee or any person claiming under the mortgagee may proceed for the purpose of foreclosure by a civil action against all parties in interest, except for parties in interest having a superior priority to the foreclosing mortgagee, in the superior court in the county in which the mortgaged premises or any part of the mortgaged premises is located.  Parties in interest having a superior priority shall not be joined nor will their interests be affected by the proceedings, but the resulting sale is of the defendant or mortgagor's equity of redemption only.  The plaintiff shall notify the priority parties in interest of the action by sending a copy of the complaint to the parties in interest by certified mail.

II.  The foreclosure shall be commenced in accordance with the superior court rules, and the mortgagee shall within 60 days of commencing the foreclosure also record a copy of the complaint or a clerk's certificate of the filing of the complaint in each registry of deeds in which the mortgage deed is or by law ought to be recorded and such a recording thereafter constitutes record notice of commencement of foreclosure.  The mortgagee shall further certify and provide evidence that all steps mandated by law to provide notice to the mortgagor were strictly performed.  In order to state a claim for foreclosure upon which relief can be granted, the complaint shall contain a certification of proof of ownership of the mortgage note.  The mortgagee shall certify proof of ownership of the mortgage note and produce evidence of the mortgage note, mortgage, and all assignments and endorsements of the mortgage note and mortgage.  The complaint shall allege with specificity the plaintiff's claim by mortgage on such real estate, describe the mortgaged premises intelligibly, including the street address of the mortgaged premises, if any, which shall be prominently stated on the first page of the complaint, state the book and page number of the mortgage, if any, state the existence of public utility easements, if any, that were recorded subsequent to the mortgage and prior to the commencement of the foreclosure proceeding and without mortgagee consent, state the amount due on the mortgage, state the condition broken, and by reason of such breach demand a foreclosure and sale.  If a clerk's certificate of the filing of the complaint is presented for recording pursuant to this section, the clerk’s certificate shall bear the title "Clerk's Certificate of Foreclosure" and prominently state, immediately after the title, the street address of the mortgaged premises, if any, and the book and page number of the mortgage, if any.  Service of process on all parties in interest and all proceedings shall be in accordance with the superior court rules.  "Parties in interest" includes mortgagors, holders of fee interest, mortgagees, lessees pursuant to recorded leases or memoranda thereof, lienors, and attaching creditors all as reflected by the indices in the registry of deeds and the documents referred to therein affecting the mortgaged premises, through the time of the recording of the complaint or the clerk's certificate.  Failure to join any party in interest does not invalidate the action nor any subsequent proceedings as to those joined.  Failure of the mortgagee to join, as a party in interest, the holder of any public utility easement recorded subsequent to the mortgage and prior to commencement of foreclosure proceedings is deemed consent by the mortgagee to that easement.  Any other party having a claim to the real estate whose claim is not recorded in the registry of deeds as of the time of recording of the copy of the complaint or the clerk's certificate need not be joined in the foreclosure action, and any such party has no claim against the real estate after completion of the foreclosure sale, except that any such party may move to intervene in the action for the purpose of being added as a party in interest at any time prior to the entry of judgment.  Within 10 days of submitting the complaint for filing with the court, the mortgagee shall provide a copy of the complaint or of the clerk's certificate as submitted to the court that prominently states, immediately after the title, the street address of the mortgaged premises, if any, and the book and page number of the mortgage, if any, to the municipal tax assessor of the municipality in which the property is located and, if the mortgaged premises is manufactured housing as defined in RSA 674:31, to the owner of any land leased by the mortgagor.  The failure to provide the notice required by this section does not affect the validity of the foreclosure sale.

III.  For purposes of this section, "public utility easements" means any easements held by public utilities, as defined in RSA 362:2.

IV.  The acceptance, before the expiration of the right of redemption and after the commencement of foreclosure proceedings of any mortgage of real property, of anything of value to be applied on or to the mortgage indebtedness by the mortgagee or any person holding under the mortgagee constitutes a waiver of the foreclosure unless an agreement to the contrary in writing is signed by the person from whom the payment is accepted or unless the bank returns the payment to the mortgagor within 10 days of receipt.  The receipt of income from the mortgaged premises by the mortgagee or the mortgagee's assigns while in possession of the premises does not constitute a waiver of the foreclosure proceedings of the mortgage on the premises.

V.  The mortgagee and the mortgagor may enter into an agreement to allow the mortgagor to bring the mortgage payments up to date with the foreclosure process being stayed as long as the mortgagor makes payments according to the agreement.  If the mortgagor does not make payments according to the agreement, the mortgagee may, after notice to the mortgagor, resume the foreclosure process at the point at which it was stayed.

4  Repeal.  The following are repealed:

I.  RSA 477:32, relative to affidavit of sale under power of sale in mortgage.

II.  RSA 479:19, relative to modes of redeeming mortgaged premises.

III.  RSA 479:20 and RSA 479:21, relative to foreclosure notice expenses and evidence.

IV.  RSA 479:26 and RSA 479:27, relative to power of sale mortgages.

5  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect January 1, 2020.

 

LBAO

19-0473

1/31/19

 

HB 270- FISCAL NOTE

AS INTRODUCED

 

AN ACT relative to commencement of foreclosure by civil action.

 

FISCAL IMPACT:      [ X ] State              [    ] County               [    ] Local              [    ] None

 

 

 

Estimated Increase / (Decrease)

STATE:

FY 2020

FY 2021

FY 2022

FY 2023

   Appropriation

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Revenue

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Expenditures

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Funding Source:

  [ X ] General            [    ] Education            [    ] Highway           [    ] Other

 

 

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY:

The proposed bill would repeal and reenact RSA 479:25 to provide that foreclosure of a mortgage would be by a civil action in the superior court in the county in which the mortgaged premises or any part of it is located.  It would also repeal the provisions for power of sale mortgages.  As such, all mortgage foreclosures would take place following a civil action in the superior court.  The judicial branch has no information on how many actions to foreclose a mortgage will be brought in the superior court pursuant to the proposed version of RSA 479:25. The Judicial Branch does have information on the cost of processing such cases.  The New Hampshire Judicial Needs Assessment done by the National Center for State Courts in 2005 classifies mortgage foreclosures as routine equity cases in the superior court.  The estimated cost of an average routine equity case in the superior court will be $265 in fiscal year 2020, and $269 in fiscal year 2021.  These amounts do not consider the cost of any appeals that may be taken following trial.  It should be noted that average case cost estimates for FY 2020 and FY 2021 are based on data that is more than ten years old and does not reflect changes to the courts over that same period of time or the impact these changes may have on processing the various case types.  

 

The Banking Department states this bill would have no fiscal impact on the Department.  The Department indicates it would not require additional personnel or resources as a result of this bill and it would not receive any additional revenue.

 

AGENCIES CONTACTED:

Judicial Branch and Banking Department

Links

HB270 at GenCourtMobile
HB270 Discussion

Action Dates

Date Body Type
Jan. 15, 2019 House Hearing
Jan. 22, 2019 House Exec Session
House Floor Vote
Feb. 14, 2019 House Floor Vote
May 14, 2019 Senate Hearing
Senate Floor Vote
May 30, 2019 Senate Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

HB270 Revision: 4539 Date: Feb. 1, 2019, 1:10 p.m.

Docket

Date Status
Jan. 2, 2019 Introduced 01/02/2019 and referred to Judiciary HJ 2 P. 43
Jan. 15, 2019 Public Hearing: 01/15/2019 11:00 am LOB208
Jan. 22, 2019 Executive Session: 01/22/2019 01:00 pm LOB 208
Feb. 14, 2019 Majority Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate for 02/14/2019 (Vote 13-5; RC) HC 11 P. 16
Majority Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate (Vote 13-5; RC)
Minority Committee Report: Ought to Pass
Feb. 14, 2019 Inexpedient to Legislate: MA RC 184-183 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 47
Feb. 14, 2019 Reconsider (Rep. Sykes): MA RC 200-168 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 49
Feb. 14, 2019 Lay on Table (Rep. Spillane): MF DV 161-207 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 51
Feb. 14, 2019 Recommit (Rep. Janvrin): MF VV 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 51
Feb. 14, 2019 Indefinitely Postpone (Rep. Burt): MF DV 156-212 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 52
Feb. 14, 2019 Inexpedient to Legislate: MF RC 166-203 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 52
Feb. 14, 2019 Ought to Pass: MA RC 208-161 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 54
Consideration of Reconsideration MA RC 223-142 02/14/2019
Feb. 14, 2019 Reconsider (Rep. Spillane): MF RC 151-216 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 56
Feb. 14, 2019 Referred to Finance 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 56
Feb. 14, 2019 Referral Waived by Committee Chair per House Rule 46(f) 02/14/2019 HJ 5 P. 77
March 7, 2019 Introduced 03/07/2019 and Referred to Commerce; SJ 8
May 14, 2019 Hearing: 05/14/2019, Room 100, SH, 01:00 pm; SC 22
May 30, 2019 Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate, 05/30/2019; SC 24
Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate
May 30, 2019 Inexpedient to Legislate, MA, VV === BILL KILLED ===; 05/30/2019; SJ 18