HB1254 (2020) Detail

(New Title) relative to the parole of prisoners and the procedures of the adult parole board.


HB 1254-FN - AS AMENDED BY THE HOUSE

 

11Mar2020... 1089h

2020 SESSION

20-2547

04/03

 

HOUSE BILL 1254-FN

 

AN ACT relative to the parole of prisoners and the procedures of the adult parole board.

 

SPONSORS: Rep. Rodd, Merr. 6; Rep. Welch, Rock. 13

 

COMMITTEE: Criminal Justice and Public Safety

 

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AMENDED ANALYSIS

 

This bill amends various provisions of the adult parole process including the definition of violent crime, parole board per diem, and recommittal of prisoners who violate parole.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

11Mar2020... 1089h 20-2547

04/03

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty

 

AN ACT relative to the parole of prisoners and the procedures of the adult parole board.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

1  Involuntary Civil Commitment of Sexually Violent Predators; Notice to County Attorney or Attorney General.  Amend RSA 135-E:3, II to read as follows:

II.  When a person who has committed a sexually violent offense is to be released from total confinement in New Hampshire, the agency with jurisdiction over the person shall give written notice to the person and the county attorney of the county where that person was last convicted of a sexually violent offense, or attorney general if the case was prosecuted by the attorney general.  If the person is in custody on an out-of-state or federal sexually violent offense, the agency with jurisdiction shall give written notice to the person and the county attorney of the county where the person plans to reside upon release or, if no residence in this state is planned, the county attorney in the county where the facility from which the person to be released is located or to the attorney general if the person has been convicted of murder.  Except as provided in RSA 135-E:4, the written notice shall be given at least 9 months prior to the potential release [on parole pursuant to RSA 651-A:6, I(c),] except that in the case of persons who are totally confined for a period of less than 9 months, written notice shall be given as soon as practicable.

2  Involuntary Civil Commitment of Sexually Violent Predators; Release From Total Confinement.  Amend RSA 135-E:4, I to read as follows:

I.  In the event that a person who has been convicted of a sexually violent offense is eligible for immediate release [on parole pursuant to RSA 651-A:6, I(c), or] upon completion of the maximum term of incarceration, the agency with jurisdiction shall provide immediate notice to the county attorney or attorney general of the person's release.  The county attorney or attorney general or the agency with jurisdiction may file a petition for an emergency hearing in the superior court requesting that the person subject to immediate release be evaluated by the multidisciplinary team to determine whether the person is a sexually violent predator.  The hearing shall be held within 24 hours of the filing of the petition, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays.  The person shall not be released from total confinement until after the hearing has been held.  At the hearing, the court shall determine whether there is probable cause to believe that the person is a sexually violent predator.  If the court finds probable cause, the person shall be held in an appropriate secure facility.

3  Parole of Prisoners; Definitions.  Amend the introductory paragraph of RSA 651-A:2, VI to read as follows:

VI.  ["Nonviolent offense"] "Violent crime" shall include [all criminal offenses, except] those defined as violent crimes in RSA 651:5, XIII and the following:

4  Parole of Prisoners; Adult Parole Board.  Amend RSA 651-A:3, I to read as follows:

I.  There shall be an adult parole board with 9 members at least 2 of whom shall be attorneys licensed in New Hampshire who have experience in criminal law.  The members of the board shall be appointed by the governor with the consent of the council for staggered terms of 5 years or until their successors are appointed.  No member shall serve more than 2 consecutive terms.  A vacancy on the board shall be filled for the unexpired term.  The governor shall designate one member as chairman, and the chairman shall designate one other member to serve as chairman in his or her absence.  In the case of a revocation hearing an attorney of the board shall be present at the hearing.  Board members shall be paid [$100] $200 a day plus mileage at the state employee rate while engaged in parole hearings or administrative meetings.

5  New Paragraph; Parole of Prisoners; Notice of Hearings.  Amend RSA 651-A:11 by inserting after paragraph III the following new paragraph:

IV.  The notice provisions of this section shall not apply to revocation, review, or reconsideration hearings.

6  Parole of Prisoners; Effect of Recommittal.  Amend RSA 651-A:19 to read as follows:

651-A:19  Effect of Recommittal.  

I.  A prisoner who is recommitted shall serve 90 days in prison and shall meet the criteria for parole before being placed back on parole or the remainder of his or her maximum sentence, whichever is shorter, or may be subject to an extended term of recommittal pursuant to paragraphs III and IV.  The time between the return of the parolee to prison after arrest and revocation of parole shall be considered as time served as a portion of the maximum sentence.  The 90-day recommittal period may be calculated from the date of the arrest or from the date of the hearing, as ordered by the parole board.  

II.  Prisoners who are recommitted shall be provided access to focused, evidence-based programming aimed at reengaging parolees in their parole plan.

III.  The parole board may impose an extended term of recommittal for greater than 90 days if:

(a)  The prisoner has previously been found true for a parole violation on his or her current sentence or another sentence for which he or she was concurrently serving a term of parole; or

(b)  The prisoner was on parole for a sexual offense as defined in RSA 651-B:1, V or an offense against a child as defined in RSA 651-B:1, VII [and the prisoner has displayed a combination of dynamic risk factors, including but not limited to, homelessness, loss of supports, substance abuse, or non-compliance with treatment, as determined by the department of corrections sexual offender treatment program staff]; or

(c)  The prisoner was on parole for a violent crime as defined in RSA 651:5, XIII or RSA 651-A:2, VI; or

(d)  The nature of the conduct underlying the parole violation constitutes a criminal act or is otherwise so serious as to warrant an extended period of recommittal; or

(e)  The conduct underlying the parole violation is related to his or her offense or offending pattern.

IV.(a) A prisoner shall be brought before the parole board at any time during the 90-day term of recommittal to determine whether a longer term is warranted if[:

(1) The prisoner did not meaningfully participate in the evidence-based programming during the 90-day recommittal period; or

(2)]  the prisoner received one or more major disciplinary violations during the 90-day recommittal period.

(b)  The prisoner shall be provided notice of the hearing and the basis of the parole board's consideration of an extended term.

V.  The imposition of an extended term of recommittal pursuant to paragraph III or IV shall be supported by written findings and a written order.

VI.  Any prisoner who is subject to an extended term of recommittal shall, upon request, be entitled to a hearing before the parole board after serving 6 months of his or her term of recommittal and every 6 months thereafter.

VII.  At the revocation hearing, the parole board may impose a term of recommittal for less than 90 days if:

(a) The prisoner has not been previously found true for a parole violation on his or her current sentence or another sentence for which he or she was concurrently serving a term of parole;

(b)  The prisoner was not on parole for a sexual offense as defined in RSA 651-B:1, V or an offense against a child as defined in RSA 651-B:1, VII;

(c)  The prisoner was not on parole for a violent crime as defined in RSA 651:5, XIII or RSA 651-A:2, VI;

(d)  The parole violation is not substantially related to his or her offense or offending pattern; and

(e)  The parole board determines that a lesser period of recommittal will aid in the rehabilitation of the parolee.  

VIII.  Notwithstanding paragraph I or subparagraphs VII(a) or (d), the parole board may impose a term of recommittal of less than 90 days for a prisoner who enters and successfully completes a residential substance abuse treatment program deemed acceptable by the board.

7  Parole of Prisoners; Parole Records.  Amend RSA 651-A:20 to read as follows:

651-A:20  Parole Records.  The adult parole board or its designee shall have access to all parole records of the department.  [The board shall review the records of the department for each parolee in its custody at least once every 36 months.]

8  Repeal.  RSA 91-A:3, II(f), relative to parole applications being considered in nonpublic session, is repealed.

9  Repeal.  RSA 651-A:6, I(c), relative to parole hearings for prisoners recommitted to prison more than one year prior to the expiration of the maximum term of his or her sentence, is repealed.

10  Effective Date.

I.  Section 4 of this act shall take effect May 1, 2021.

II.  The remainder of  this act shall take effect upon its passage.

 

LBAO

20-2547

Amended 4/1/20

 

HB 1254-FN- FISCAL NOTE

AS AMENDED BY THE HOUSE (AMENDMENT #2020-1089h)

 

AN ACT relative to the parole of prisoners and the procedures of the adult parole board.

 

FISCAL IMPACT:      [ X ] State              [    ] County               [    ] Local              [    ] None

 

 

 

Estimated Increase / (Decrease)

STATE:

FY 2020

FY 2021

FY 2022

FY 2023

   Appropriation

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Revenue

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Expenditures

$0

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Funding Source:

  [ X ] General            [    ] Education            [    ] Highway           [    ] Other

 

 

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY:

This bill amends various provisions of the adult parole process including the definition of violent crime, parole board per diem, and recommittal of prisoners who violate parole.

 

The Department of Corrections cannot predict the number of individuals incarcerated that would be affected by the proposed change to RSA 651-A:19 regarding prisoner recommittal, but assumes the change could potentially extend incarceration time.  The proposed amendment to  RSA 651-A:3 increases the per diem payments to parole board members from $100 per day to $200.  The Department will incur an additional cost of $100 per board member per parole hearing.  In FY 2019, 43 parole hearings were held.  The Department would have incurred an additional expense of $12,900 if the per diem amount was $200 versus the current $100.

 

AGENCIES CONTACTED:

Department of Corrections

 

Links

HB1254 at GenCourtMobile
HB1254 Discussion

Action Dates

Date Body Type
Jan. 22, 2020 House Hearing
Jan. 28, 2020 House Exec Session
Feb. 5, 2020 House Exec Session
Feb. 5, 2020 House Exec Session
Feb. 25, 2020 House Exec Session
March 3, 2020 House Exec Session
March 4, 2020 House Exec Session
House Floor Vote
March 11, 2020 House Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

HB1254 Revision: 8276 Date: April 3, 2020, 10:28 a.m.
HB1254 Revision: 6918 Date: Dec. 2, 2019, 1:22 p.m.

Docket

Date Status
Jan. 8, 2020 Introduced 01/08/2020 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety HJ 1 P. 15
Jan. 22, 2020 Public Hearing: 01/22/2020 10:00 am LOB 204
Jan. 28, 2020 ==RECESSED== Executive Session: 01/28/2020 10:00 am LOB 204
Feb. 12, 2020 Subcommittee Work Session: 02/12/2020 09:00 am LOB 204
Feb. 5, 2020 Full Committee Work Session: 02/05/2020 10:00 am LOB 204
Feb. 5, 2020 ==CONTINUED== Executive Session: 02/05/2020 01:00 pm LOB 204
Feb. 12, 2020 Subcommittee Work Session: 02/12/2020 09:00 am LOB 204
Feb. 12, 2020 ==CANCELLED== Subcommittee Work Session: 02/12/2020 10:30 am LOB 204
Feb. 25, 2020 ==RECESSED== Executive Session: 02/25/2020 01:00 pm LOB 204
March 3, 2020 ==CONTINUED== Executive Session: 03/03/2020 01:00 pm LOB 204
March 4, 2020 ==CONTINUED== Executive Session: 03/04/2020 10:00 am LOB 204 (if necessary)
Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2020-1089h (Vote 20-0; CC)
March 11, 2020 Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2020-1089h (NT) for 03/11/2020 (Vote 20-0; CC) HC 10 P. 9
March 11, 2020 Amendment # 2020-1089h (NT): AA VV 03/11/2020
March 11, 2020 Ought to Pass with Amendment 2020-1089h (NT): MA VV 03/11/2020
June 16, 2020 Introduced 06/16/2020, and Laid on Table, MA, VV; 06/16/2020; SJ 8
June 16, 2020 No Pending Motion; 06/16/2020 SJ 8