HB1349 (2022) Detail

Decriminalizing the possession and use of psilocybin mushrooms.


HB 1349-FN - AS INTRODUCED

 

 

2022 SESSION

22-2618

04/08

 

HOUSE BILL 1349-FN

 

AN ACT decriminalizing the possession and use of psilocybin mushrooms.

 

SPONSORS: Rep. Labranche, Hills. 22; Rep. Laughton, Hills. 31; Rep. Abramson, Rock. 37; Rep. Verville, Rock. 2; Rep. Hyland, Hills. 38; Rep. Kenney, Straf. 6

 

COMMITTEE: Criminal Justice and Public Safety

 

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ANALYSIS

 

This bill decriminalizes the possession or use of a certain amount or psilocybin mushrooms by a person 18 years of age or older.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

22-2618

04/08

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty Two

 

AN ACT decriminalizing the possession and use of psilocybin mushrooms.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

 

1  Delinquent Children; Definitions.  Amend RSA 169-B:2, IV to read as follows:

IV.  "Delinquent" means a person who has committed an offense before reaching the age of 18 years which would be a felony or misdemeanor under the criminal code of this state if committed by an adult, or which is a violation of RSA 318-B:2-c, II or III, or RSA 318-B:2-f, and is expressly found to be in need of counseling, supervision, treatment, or rehabilitation as a consequence thereof.  No person under 13 years of age shall be subject to proceedings under this chapter unless such person has committed a violent crime as defined in RSA 169-B:35-a, I(c).  This provision shall not be construed to limit the filing of a petition for any minor child under RSA 169-D.

2  Motor Vehicles; Alcohol or Drug Impairment; Psilocybin Mushrooms.  Amend RSA 265-A:43 to read as follows:

265-A:43  Possession of Drugs.  Any person who drives on any way a vehicle while knowingly having in his or her possession or in any part of the vehicle a controlled drug or controlled drug analog in violation of the provisions of RSA 318-B shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and his or her license shall be revoked or his or her right to drive denied for a period of 60 days and at the discretion of the court for a period not to exceed 2 years.  This section shall not apply to the possession of marijuana or hashish as provided in RSA 318-B:2-c, or a personal-use amount of a regulated marijuana-infused product as defined in RSA 318-B:2-c, I(b), or possession or use of psilocybin mushrooms as provided in RSA 318-B:2-f.  

3  New Section; Controlled Drug Act; Psilocybin Mushrooms.  Amend RSA 318-B by inserting after section 2-e the following new section:

318-B:2-f  Psilocybin Mushrooms.  

I.  In this section: "psilocybin mushroom" means a fungus, such as genus Psilocybe, containing hallucinogenic alkaloids such as psilocybin.

II.  Any person under 18 years of age who knowingly possesses 12 grams or less of psilocybin mushrooms shall be guilty of a violation, and subject to the penalties provided in paragraph IV(b).

III.  Any person 18 years of age or older who knowingly possesses 12 grams or less of psilocybin mushrooms shall be guilty of a violation, and subject to the penalties provided in paragraph IV(a).

IV.(a)  Except as provided in this paragraph, any person 18 years of age or older who is convicted of violating paragraph III shall be subject to a fine of $100 for a first or second offense under this paragraph, or a fine of up to $300 for any subsequent offense.  A court shall waive the fine for a single conviction within a 3-year period upon proof that person has completed a substance abuse assessment by a licensed drug and alcohol counselor within 60 days of the conviction.  A person who intends to seek an assessment in lieu of the fine shall notify the court, which shall schedule the matter for review after 180 days.  Should proof of completion of an assessment be filed by or before that time, the court shall vacate the fine without a hearing unless requested by a party.

(b)  Any person under 18 years of age who is convicted of violating paragraph II shall forfeit the psilocybin mushrooms to the state and shall be subject to a delinquency petition under RSA 169-B:6.

V.(a)  Except as provided in this section, no person shall be subject to arrest for a violation of this section and shall be released provided the law enforcement officer does not have lawful grounds for arrest for a different offense.

(b)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a law enforcement agency from investigating or charging a person for a violation of RSA 265-A.

(c)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit any police officer from taking into custody any minor who is found violating this section.

(d)  Any person in possession of an identification card, license, or other form of identification issued by the state or any state, country, city, or town, or any college or university, who fails to produce the same upon request of a police officer or who refuses to truthfully provide his or her name, address, and date of birth to a police officer who has informed the person that he or she has been found to be in possession of what appears to the officer to be 12 grams or less of psilocybin mushrooms may be arrested for a violation of this section.

VI.  All fines imposed pursuant to this section shall be deposited into the alcohol abuse prevention and treatment fund established in RSA 176-A:1 and utilized for evidence-informed substance abuse prevention programs.

VII.(a)  No record that includes personally identifiable information resulting from a violation of this section shall be made accessible to the public, federal agencies, or agencies from other states or countries.

(b)  Every state, county, or local law enforcement agency that collects and reports data for the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program shall collect data on the number of violations of this section.  The data collected pursuant to this paragraph shall be available to the public.  A law enforcement agency may update the data annually and may make this data available on the agency's public Internet website.

4  Controlled Drug Act; Plea by Mail.  Amend RSA 318-B:2-d to read as follows:

318-B:2-d  Plea by Mail.

I.  Any person 18 years of age or older who is charged with a violation of RSA 318-B:2-c, [II, III, or IV] II-IV or RSA 318-B:2-f may enter a plea of guilty, nolo contendere, or not guilty, by mail in a circuit court, district division.

II.  Such defendant shall receive, in addition to the summons, a fine notice entitled "Notice of Fine" which shall contain the amount of the fine for a violation of RSA 318-B:2-c, [II, III, or IV] II-IV or RSA 318-B:2-f.  A defendant who is issued a summons and notice of fine and who wishes to plead guilty or nolo contendere shall enter his or her plea on the summons and return it with payment of the fine within 30 days of the date of the summons.  Payment by credit card may be accepted in lieu of cash payment.

III.  If the defendant wishes to enter a plea of not guilty, he or she shall enter such plea on the summons and return it within 30 days of the date of the summons.  The circuit court, district division shall schedule a trial.

IV.  Whenever a defendant willfully fails to pay a fine in connection with a conviction for a violation of RSA 318-B:2-c, [II, III, or IV] II-IV or RSA 318-B:2-f or payment of such fine cannot be collected, the defendant shall be defaulted and the court may impose an additional fine of $100.

5  New Paragraph; Controlled Drug Act; Penalties; Psilocybin Mushrooms.  Amend RSA 318-B:26, II by inserting after paragraph (e) the following new paragraph:

(f)  In the case of 12 grams or less of psilocybin mushrooms, the person shall be guilty of a violation pursuant to RSA 318-B:2-f.

6  Controlled Drug Act; Penalties.  Amend RSA 318-B:26, III(a) to read as follows:

(a)  Except as provided in RSA 318-B:2-c or RSA 318-B:2-f, controls any premises or vehicle where he or she knows a controlled drug or its analog is illegally kept or deposited;

7  Controlled Drug Act; Penalties.  Amend RSA 318-B:26, XIII to read as follows:

XIII.  Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall be fined a minimum of $350 for a first offense and $500 for a second or subsequent offense, except that any person who violates the provisions of RSA 318-B:26, II(c) or RSA 318-B:26, II(d) shall be fined $350.  This paragraph shall not apply to violations of RSA 318-B:2-c or RSA 318-B:2-f.

8  Controlled Drug Act; Prior Offenses.  Amend RSA 318-B:27 to read as follows:

318-B:27  Prior Offenses.  In the case of any person charged with a violation of any provision of this chapter or RSA 318-D, who has previously been convicted of a misdemeanor or felony level violation of the laws of the United States or any state, territory or the District of Columbia relating to controlled drugs as defined in this chapter, such previous conviction shall be deemed a prior offense.  A prior conviction for a violation level offense shall not be deemed a prior offense, except as provided in RSA 318-B:2-c, V(a) or RSA 318-B:2-f.

9  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect 60 days after its passage.

 

LBA

22-2618

Redraft 11/3/21

 

HB 1349-FN- FISCAL NOTE

AS INTRODUCED

 

AN ACT decriminalizing the possession and use of psilocybin mushrooms.

 

FISCAL IMPACT:      [ X ] State              [ X ] County               [    ] Local              [    ] None

 

 

 

Estimated Increase / (Decrease)

STATE:

FY 2022

FY 2023

FY 2024

FY 2025

   Appropriation

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Revenue

$0

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

   Expenditures

$0

Indeterminable

Indeterminable

Indeterminable

Funding Source:

  [ X ] General            [    ] Education            [    ] Highway           [ X ] Other - Alcohol Abuse Prevention and Treatment Fund & Plea by Mail Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

COUNTY:

 

 

 

 

   Revenue

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Expenditures

$0

Indeterminable

Indeterminable

Indeterminable

 

 

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY:

This bill contains penalties that may have an impact on the New Hampshire judicial and correctional systems.  There is no method to determine how many charges or how many fewer   charges would be brought as a result of the changes contained in this bill to determine the fiscal impact on expenditures.  However, the entities impacted have provided the potential costs associated with these penalties below.

Judicial Council

FY 2022

FY 2023

Public Defender Program

Has contract with State to provide services.

Has contract with State to provide services.

Contract Attorney – Felony

$825/Case

$825/Case

Contract Attorney – Misdemeanor

$300/Case

$300/Case

Assigned Counsel – Felony

$60/Hour up to $4,100

$60/Hour up to $4,100

Assigned Counsel – Misdemeanor

$60/Hour up to $1,400

$60/Hour up to $1,400

It should be noted that a person needs to be found indigent and have the potential of being incarcerated to be eligible for indigent defense services. Historically, approximately 85% of the indigent defense caseload has been handled by the public defender program, with the remaining cases going to contract attorneys (14%) or assigned counsel (1%).  Beginning in March of 2021, the public defender program has had to close intake to new cases due to excessive caseloads.  Due to these closures, the contract and assigned counsel program have had to absorb significantly more cases. The system is experiencing significant delays in appointing counsel and the costs of representation have increased due to travel time and multiple appointments.

Department of Corrections

FY 2022

FY 2023

FY 2021 Average Cost of Incarcerating an Individual

$54,386

$54,386

FY 2021 Annual Marginal Cost of a General Population Inmate

$5,715

$5,715

FY 2021 Average Cost of Supervising an Individual on Parole/Probation

$603

$603

NH Association of Counties

FY 2022

FY 2023

County Prosecution Costs

Indeterminable

Indeterminable

Estimated Average Daily Cost of Incarcerating an Individual

$105 to $125

$105 to $125

 

This bill contains penalties that will have an indeterminable impact on the Judicial Branch system.  There is no method to determine how many charges would be brought as a result of the changes contained in this bill to determine the fiscal impact on expenditures.  In the past the Judicial Branch has used averaged caseload data based on time studies to estimate the fiscal impact of proposed legislation.  The per case data on costs for routine criminal cases currently available to the Judicial Branch are based on studies of judicial and clerical weighted caseload times for processing average routine criminal cases that are more than fifteen years old so the data does not have current validity.  A new case study is being conducted  and updated estimates will be available in the future.

 

Many offenses are prosecuted by local and county prosecutors.  When the Department of Justice has investigative and prosecutorial responsibility or is involved in an appeal, the Department may be able to absorb the cost within its existing budget.  However, if the Department needs to prosecute significantly more cases or handle more appeals, then costs will increase by an indeterminable amount.  

 

It is assumed that any fiscal impact would occur after FY 2022.

 

AGENCIES CONTACTED:

Judicial Branch, Departments of Corrections and Justice, Judicial Council, and New Hampshire Association of Counties

 

Links

HB1349 at GenCourtMobile

Action Dates

Date Body Type
Jan. 12, 2022 House Hearing
Jan. 12, 1922 House Hearing
Feb. 23, 2022 House Exec Session
House Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

HB1349 Revision: 33963 Date: Nov. 20, 2021, 11:54 a.m.

Docket


March 31, 2022: Lay HB1349 on Table (Rep. Abbas): MA RC 210-132 03/31/2022 HJ 9


March 8, 2022: Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate (Vote 18-2; CC)


March 21, 2022: Removed from Consent (Rep. Laughton) 03/15/2022 HJ 6


March 8, 2022: Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate (Vote 18-2; CC)


March 2, 2022: Executive Session: 02/23/2022 09:00 am LOB 202-204


Jan. 12, 2022: Public Hearing: 01/20/2022 09:00 am SH Reps Hall CONTINUED FROM 1/12/22


Jan. 8, 2022: Public Hearing: 01/12/2022 09:00 am LOB 202-204


Nov. 20, 2021: Introduced 01/05/2022 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety