HB216 (2023) Detail

Exempting dimethyltryptamine from the controlled drug act.


HB 216-FN - AS INTRODUCED

 

 

2023 SESSION

23-0430

04/05

 

HOUSE BILL 216-FN

 

AN ACT exempting dimethyltryptamine from the controlled drug act.

 

SPONSORS: Rep. Santonastaso, Ches. 18

 

COMMITTEE: Criminal Justice and Public Safety

 

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ANALYSIS

 

This bill exempts dimethyltryptamine from the controlled drug act.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

23-0430

04/05

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty Three

 

AN ACT exempting dimethyltryptamine from the controlled drug act.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

1  New Section; Controlled Drug Act; Exemption for Dimethyltryptamine.  Amend RSA 318-B by inserting after section 1-c the following new section:

318-B:1-d  Exemption for Dimethyltryptamine.  Dimethyltryptamine shall be exempt from the provisions of this chapter.

2  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect 60 days after its passage.

 

LBA

23-0430

12/16/22

 

HB 216-FN- FISCAL NOTE

AS INTRODUCED

 

AN ACT exempting dimethyltryptamine from the controlled drug act.

 

FISCAL IMPACT:      [ X ] State              [ X ] County               [    ] Local              [    ] None

 

 

 

Estimated Increase / (Decrease)

STATE:

FY 2023

FY 2024

FY 2025

FY 2026

   Appropriation

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Revenue

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Expenditures

$0

Indeterminable Decrease

Indeterminable Decrease

Indeterminable Decrease

Funding Source:

  [ X ] General            [    ] Education            [    ] Highway           [    ] Other

 

 

 

 

 

COUNTY:

 

 

 

 

   Revenue

$0

$0

$0

$0

   Expenditures

$0

Indeterminable Decrease

Indeterminable Decrease

Indeterminable Decrease

 

METHODOLOGY:

This bill exempts dimethyltryptamine from the provisions of RSA 318-B, the Controlled Drug Act.  As such, individuals in possession of the drug would no longer be subject to the criminal penalties imposed by that statute.  There is no method to determine how many fewer charges will be brought as a result of the bill.  However, the entities impacted have provided the potential costs associated with these penalties below.

 

Judicial Branch

FY 2023

FY 2024               through 12/31/23

FY 2024

(Starting 1/1/24 with repeal

of Felonies First)

Violation and Misdemeanor Level Offense

$119

$122

$122

Complex Felony Case

$3,195

$3,244

$3,366

Routine Criminal Case

$644

$657

$779

Appeals

Varies

Varies

Varies

Judicial Council

FY 2023

FY 2024

Public Defender Program

Has contract with State to provide services.

Has contract with State to provide services.

Contract Attorney - Felony

$825/Case

$105 administrative fee

$200 incarceration fee

(If applicable)

$825/Case

$105 administrative fee

$200 incarceration fee

(If applicable)

Contract Attorney – Misdemeanor

$300/Case

$70 administrative fee

$100 incarceration fee

(If applicable)

$300/Case

$70 administrative fee

$100 incarceration fee

(If applicable)

Contract Attorney - Major Crimes (aggravated felonious sexual assault, felonious sexual assault and first degree assault)

$2,490/Case

$140 administrative fee

$200 incarceration fee

(If applicable)

$2,490/Case

$140 administrative fee

$200 incarceration fee

(If applicable)

Assigned Counsel - Felony.

Homicide including capital cases. Travel time to court does not count toward the cap.

$125/Hour up to $20,000

$125/Hour up to $20,000

Assigned Counsel - Felony.       Travel time to court does not count toward the cap.

$90/Hour up to $5,500

$90/Hour up to $5,500

Assigned Counsel- Misdemeanor. Travel time to court does not count toward the cap.

$90/Hour up to $2,000

$90/Hour up to $2,000

Assigned Counsel - Supreme Court Appeal

$125/Hour up to $10,000

$125/Hour up to $10,000

It should be noted that a person needs to be found indigent and have the potential of being incarcerated to be eligible for indigent defense services. Historically, approximately 85% of the indigent defense caseload has been handled by the public defender program, with the remaining cases going to contract attorneys (14%) or assigned counsel (1%). Beginning in March of 2021, the public defender program has had to close intake of new cases due to excessive caseloads. Due to these closures, the contract and assigned counsel program have had to absorb significantly more cases. The system is experiencing significant delays in appointing counsel and the costs of representation have increased due to travel time and multiple appointments.

Department of Corrections

FY 2023

FY 2024

FY 2022 Average Cost of Incarcerating an Individual

$64,223

$64,223

FY 2022 Annual Marginal Cost of a General Population Inmate

$6,123

$6,123

FY 2022 Average Cost of Supervising an Individual on Parole/Probation

$688

$688

The Department notes any increase in the incarcerated population will have a direct impact on overtime costs given the Department’s history of challenges associated with recruitment. In addition, the NH State Prison for Men has a degrading infrastructure which will only be exacerbated if an increase in the incarcerated population were to occur.

NH Association of Counties

FY 2023

FY 2024

County Prosecution Costs

Indeterminable

Indeterminable

Estimated Average Daily Cost of Incarcerating an Individual

$105 to $125

$105 to $125

 

Many offenses are prosecuted by local and county prosecutors. When the Department of Justice has investigative and prosecutorial responsibility or is involved in an appeal, the Department may be able to absorb the cost within its existing budget. However, if the Department needs to prosecute significantly more cases or handle more appeals, then costs will increase by an indeterminable amount.  

 

It is assumed any fiscal impact will begin in FY 2024.

 

AGENCIES CONTACTED:

Judicial Branch, Departments of Corrections and Justice, Judicial Council, and New Hampshire Association of Counties

 

Links

Action Dates

Date Body Type
Jan. 20, 2023 House Hearing

Bill Text Revisions

HB216 Revision: 37023 Date: Jan. 3, 2023, 11:31 a.m.

Docket


Jan. 11, 2023: Public Hearing: 01/20/2023 01:30 pm LOB 202-204


Jan. 3, 2023: Introduced 01/04/2023 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety