HB1204 (2024) Detail

Relative to government agent entries into secured premises.



14Mar2024... 0839h







AN ACT relative to government agent entries into secured premises.


SPONSORS: Rep. Spillane, Rock. 2; Rep. Aures, Merr. 13; Rep. Notter, Hills. 12; Rep. Aron, Sull. 4; Rep. Jonathan Smith, Carr. 5


COMMITTEE: Criminal Justice and Public Safety






This bill establishes requirements for when a government agent may enter a secured premises without a warrant.


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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

14Mar2024... 0839h 24-2411





In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty Four


AN ACT relative to government agent entries into secured premises.


Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:


1  Short Title.  This act may be known and cited to as the "New Hampshire Property Protection Act".

2  New Section; Warrantless Searches.  Amend RSA 595-A by inserting after section 10 the following new section:

595-A:11  Warrantless Searches.

I.  For purposes of this section:

(a)  “Government agent” means any local or state official, except where otherwise noted, who is employed or contracted by a government body in this state.

(b)  “Probable cause” means the presence of facts and circumstances within the government agent’s knowledge that would warrant a person of reasonable caution to believe that an offense has been or is being committed.

(c)  "Secured premises” means any place which is posted in a manner prescribed by RSA 207:22-a and 635:4; which is otherwise posted in a manner reasonably likely to come to the attention of intruders; or which is fenced or otherwise enclosed in whole or in part so as to exclude intruders.

(d)  “Warrant” means a court order authorizing a search or seizure that is supported by individualized probable cause and executed by a magistrate or judge.

II.  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no government agent shall enter any secured premises without a search warrant except:

(a)  After receiving the permission of the property owner, lessee, or occupant; or

(b)  To respond to exigent circumstances, such as a life-threatening emergency or another immediate threat to public safety that was either reported to the agent or the agent personally observed.

III.  Upon entering private land, a government agent shall immediately notify the landowner, lessee, or occupant if notice can be reasonably made.

IV.  Unless entering private land pursuant to consent or exigent circumstances, a government agent shall show the search warrant authorizing entry to the property owner, lessee, or occupant if they are present.

V.  A government agent shall not seize any private property from a secured premises without first acquiring a warrant authorizing said seizure, or unless the agent has entered the secured premises pursuant to consent or exigent circumstances and has individualized probable cause of the commission of a criminal offense justifying said seizure.

VI.  Any evidence obtained pursuant to a search or seizure conducted in violation of this section is inadmissible in any administrative, civil, or criminal proceeding.

VII.  Any arrest made pursuant to a search or seizure conducted in violation of this section is invalid.

VIII.  The provisions of this section shall not apply to conservation officers and other officers of the fish and game commission, who may exercise the authority granted to them pursuant to RSA 206:26, I, to go upon any property outside of buildings to the extent necessary for enforcing the state’s laws, rules, and regulations related to wildlife.

3  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect January 1, 2025.


Date Amendment
Feb. 28, 2024 2024-0839h


Date Body Type
Jan. 26, 2024 House Hearing
Feb. 21, 2024 House Hearing
Feb. 23, 2024 House Exec Session
Feb. 23, 2024 House Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

HB1204 Revision: 41217 Date: March 14, 2024, 11:37 a.m.
HB1204 Revision: 41058 Date: Feb. 28, 2024, 3:52 p.m.
HB1204 Revision: 39738 Date: Dec. 1, 2023, 3:06 p.m.


March 26, 2024: Introduced 03/21/2024 and Referred to Judiciary; SJ 8

March 14, 2024: Ought to Pass with Amendment 2024-0839h: MA RC 228-139 03/14/2024 HJ 8

March 14, 2024: Amendment # 2024-0839h: AA VV 03/14/2024 HJ 8

Feb. 29, 2024: Minority Committee Report: Inexpedient to Legislate

Feb. 29, 2024: Majority Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2024-0839h 02/23/2024 (Vote 15-5; RC)

Feb. 14, 2024: Executive Session: 02/23/2024 09:30 am LOB 202-204

Feb. 14, 2024: Public Hearing: 02/21/2024 10:00 am LOB 202-204

Jan. 9, 2024: ==CANCELLED== Public Hearing: 01/26/2024 10:00 am LOB 202-204

Dec. 1, 2023: Introduced 01/03/2024 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety