Revision: Dec. 11, 2023, 9:24 a.m.
HB 1515FN  AS INTRODUCED
2024 SESSION
242176
02/10
HOUSE BILL 1515FN
AN ACT relative to the meals and rooms tax rate.
SPONSORS: Rep. McGough, Hills. 12; Rep. Aures, Merr. 13; Rep. Weyler, Rock. 14; Rep. Mooney, Hills. 12; Rep. Stone, Sull. 8; Rep. Sweeney, Rock. 25; Rep. B. Boyd, Hills. 12
COMMITTEE: Ways and Means

ANALYSIS
This bill reduces the meals and rooms tax rate for taxable meals from 8.5 percent to 7.5 percent and sets a minimum amount of revenue apportioned to towns.
                                                                          
Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.
Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]
Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.
242176
02/10
STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE
In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty Four
AN ACT relative to the meals and rooms tax rate.
Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:
1 Tax on Meals and Rooms; Imposition of Tax. Amend RSA 78A:6, II to read as follows:
II. A tax is imposed on taxable meals [based upon the charge therefor as follows:
(a) Four cents for a charge between $.36 and $.37 inclusive;
(b) Five cents for a charge between $.38 and $.50 inclusive;
(c) Six cents for a charge between $.51 and $.62 inclusive;
(d) Seven cents for a charge between $.63 and $.75 inclusive;
(e) Eight cents for a charge between $.76 and $.87 inclusive;
(f) Nine cents for a charge between $.88 and $1.00 inclusive;
(g) Eight and a half] of 7.5 percent of the charge for taxable meals over $1.00, provided that fractions of cents shall be rounded up to the next whole cent.
2 Tax on Meals and Rooms; Disposition of Revenue. Amend RSA 78A:26, III to read as follows:
III. On or before December 1, 2021 and each December 1 thereafter, 30 percent or $129,200,000, whichever is greater, of the net income determined under the introductory paragraph of paragraph I of the most recent fiscal year, after deductions for the cost of administration and revenues deposited in the education trust fund pursuant to paragraph II, shall be deposited into the meals and rooms municipal revenue fund for distribution to the unincorporated towns, unorganized places, towns, and cities. The amount to be distributed to each such town, place, or city shall be determined by multiplying the total amount to be distributed by a fraction, the numerator of which shall be the population of the unincorporated town, unorganized place, town, or city and the denominator of which shall be the population of the state. The population figures shall be based on the latest resident population figures furnished by the office of planning and development.
3 Effective Date. This act shall take effect July 1, 2024.
242176
12/6/23
HB 1515FN FISCAL NOTE
AS INTRODUCED
AN ACT relative to the meals and rooms tax rate.
FISCAL IMPACT: [ X ] State [ ] County [ X ] Local [ ] None

 
Estimated State Impact  Increase / (Decrease)  
 FY 2024  FY 2025  FY 2026  FY 2027  
Revenue  $0  Indeterminable Decrease  Indeterminable Decrease  Indeterminable Decrease  
Revenue Fund(s)  General Fund and M&R Municipal Revenue Fund
 
Expenditures  $0  $0  Indeterminable Increase  Indeterminable Increase  
Funding Source(s)  M&R Municipal Revenue Fund
 
Appropriations  $0  $0  $0  $0  
Funding Source(s)  None
 
• Does this bill provide sufficient funding to cover estimated expenditures? [X] See Below • Does this bill authorize new positions to implement this bill? [X] No  
 
Estimated Political Subdivision Impact  Increase / (Decrease)  
 FY 2024  FY 2025  FY 2026  FY 2027  
County Revenue  $0  $0  $0  $0  
County Expenditures  $0  $0  $0  $0  
Local Revenue  $0  Indeterminable, but not less than $129,200,000  
Local Expenditures  $0  $0  $0  $0 
METHODOLOGY:
This bill reduces the Meals and Rooms (M&R) Tax rate from 8.5% to 7.5% for meals only effective July 1, 2024 and establishes the amount to be transferred to the M&R Municipal Revenue Fund as either 30% or $129,200,000, whichever is greater, of the M&R net revenue. The bill does not change the 8.5% rate on rental of rooms or motor vehicles.
The Department of Revenue Administration states this bill will decrease General Fund revenue by an indeterminable amount in FY 2025 and each year thereafter. Though the Department is not able to provide an exact fiscal impact it is able to complete a static analysis to provide an estimate of the impact. The Department assumes the start of the rate change is applicable to M&R activity from taxable periods beginning on or after July 1, 2024. Based on the following assumptions/information, the Department provides the potential fiscal impact of this change:
The following table provide static analysis showing the impact of reducing the M&R rate for meals only from 8.5% to 7.5%.
Table 1: M&R Tax Rate Decrease Static Analysis
Fiscal Year  Current Law Revenue (Using FY 2023 cash basis, net of commission)  Estimated Revenue at Proposed Rate of 7.5% for Meals  Estimated Fiscal Impact per Year  Cumulative Fiscal Impact 
FY 2025  $444,400,000  $406,700,000  ($37,700,000)  ($37,700,000) 
FY 2026  $444,400,000  $403,300,000  ($41,100,000)  ($78,800,000) 
FY 2027 and forward  $444,400,000  $403,200,000  ($41,200,000)  ($120,000,000) 
The bill changes the M&R distribution to the M&R Municipal Revenue Fund to be 30% or $129,200,000, whichever is greater, of the net M&R revenue. The Department indicates this will decrease General Fund revenue and increase the transfer in years where using 30% would have yielded an amount less than the $129,200,000. In addition, M&R Municipal Revenue Fund expenditures will increase.
The Department is not able to provide an exact fiscal impact of this change but is able to show what the impact might have been when applying the 30% to the revenue adjusted for the rate decrease to determine the distribution amount to the M&R Municipal Revenue Fund versus using the floor amount of $129,200,000 as contained in this bill. The amount to distribute to the M&R Municipal Revenue Fund is based on the prior year tax revenue. Based on the impact of the rate change as depicted in table 1, and using either 30% or a floor of $129,200,000 to transfer to the fund the Department is able to show a potential impact for FY 2025 through FY 2027.
Table 2: M&R Municipal Revenue Fund Distribution Static Analysis
Fiscal Year  Calculated Transfer at 30%  Estimated Transfer at 30% or $129,200,000 (whichever is greater)  Estimated Fiscal Impact per Year on General Fund  Cumulative Fiscal Impact on General Fund 
FY 2025  $129,500,000  $129,500,000  $0 

FY 2026  $118,200,000  $129,200,000  ($11,000,000)  ($11,000,000) 
FY 2027  $117,200,000  $129,200,000  ($12,000,000)  ($23,000,000) 
Table 3: Potential Impact of the Changes on General Fund per Static Analysis
Fiscal Year  Estimated Change in General Fund Revenue from proposed Rate of 7.5% for Meals  Estimated Change in General Fund Revenue when 30% is less than the $129,200,000  Estimated Fiscal Impact per Year  Cumulative Fiscal Impact 
FY 2025  ($37,700,000)  $0  ($37,700,000)  ($37,700,000) 
FY 2026  ($41,100,000)  ($11,000,000)  ($52,100,000)  ($89,800,000) 
FY 2027  ($41,200,000)  ($12,000,000)  ($53,200,000)  ($143,000,000) 
The fiscal impact as depicted in the above tables may be overstated or understated for future years depending on whether actual revenue is more or less than the FY 2023 net taxable revenue used for the analysis of this bill.
The Department would need to update all necessary tax return forms and electronic management systems to reflect the changes contained in this bill; however, it is not anticipated this will result in any additional administrative costs that could not be absorbed in the Department's operating budget.
For information purposes, the Treasury Department provided estimates of the standalone impact of the changes to the M&R Municipal Revenue fund distribution without incorporating the M&R rate reduction included in this bill. The Treasury Department estimates include the following assumptions:
 FY 2024  FY 2025  FY 2026  FY 2027 
FY 2023 M&R Revenue  $448,490,447  $448,490,447  $395,726,865  $395,726,865 
Less Cost of M&R Administration  ($2,359,891)  ($2,359,891)
 ($2,359,891)
 ($2,359,891)

Less M&R revenue to Education Trust Fund  ($10,428,000)  ($10,428,000)
 ($9,201,176)
 ($7,974,353)

Net M&R Revenue  $435,702,556  $435,702,556  $384,165,798  $384,165,798 
% Transferred to M&R Municipal Revenue Fund  30%  30%  30%  30% 
Amount to Distribute from Fund  $130,710,767  $130,710,767  $129,200,000  $129,200,000 
Diff from Current Law (FY 2024)  $0  $0  ($1,510,767)  ($1,510,767) 
AGENCIES CONTACTED:
Department of Revenue Administration and Treasury Department