HB1688 (2024) Detail

Relative to the use of artificial intelligence by state agencies.


HB 1688-FN - AS AMENDED BY THE HOUSE

 

28Mar2024... 1254h

2024 SESSION

24-2510

02/10

 

HOUSE BILL 1688-FN

 

AN ACT relative to the use of artificial intelligence by state agencies.

 

SPONSORS: Rep. Cormen, Graf. 15; Rep. Summers, Rock. 20; Rep. Preece, Hills. 17; Rep. Muns, Rock. 29; Rep. Ming, Hills. 35; Rep. Brennan, Merr. 9; Rep. Santonastaso, Ches. 18; Rep. D. McGuire, Merr. 14; Rep. Donnelly, Rock. 25; Sen. Watters, Dist 4; Sen. Prentiss, Dist 5

 

COMMITTEE: Executive Departments and Administration

 

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ANALYSIS

 

This bill prohibits state agencies from using artificial intelligence to manipulate, discriminate, or surveil members of the public.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

28Mar2024... 1254h 24-2510

02/10

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty Four

 

AN ACT relative to the use of artificial intelligence by state agencies.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

1  New Chapter; Use of Artificial Intelligence by State Agencies.  Amend RSA by inserting after chapter 5-C the following new chapter:

CHAPTER 5-D

USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BY STATE AGENCIES

5-D:1 Definitions. In this chapter:

I. "Artificial intelligence" or "AI" is the ability of a machine to display human-like capabilities for cognitive tasks such as reasoning, learning, planning, and creativity. AI systems may adapt their behavior to a certain degree by analyzing the effects of previous actions and operating under varying and unpredictable circumstances without significant human oversight.

II. "Generative AI" is AI that can generate text, images, or other media in response to prompts.

III. "Deepfake" means a video, audio, or any other media of a person in which his or her face, body, or voice has been digitally altered so that he or she appears to be someone else, he or she appears to be saying something that he or she has never said, or he or she appears to be doing something that he or she has never done.

IV. "State agency" means any department, commission, board, institution, bureau, office, law enforcement, or other entity, by whatever name called, including the legislative and judicial branches of state government, established in the state constitution, statutes, session laws or executive orders.

5-D:2  Applicability.  This chapter shall apply to all computer systems operated by any state agency as defined in RSA 5-D:1, IV.  Excepted are systems used in research by state-funded institutions of higher learning.  Also excepted are installed consumer systems in common personal use, including, but not limited to facial recognition used to unlock a smartphone.

5-D:3  Prohibition.  The following uses of AI by state agencies shall be prohibited:

I.  Classifying persons based on behavior, socio-economic status, or personal characteristics resulting in unlawful discrimination against any individual person or group of persons.

II.  Real-time and remote biometric identification systems used for surveillance in public spaces, such as facial recognition, except by law enforcement with a warrant.

III.  Deepfakes when used for any deceptive or malicious purpose.

5-D:4  Permitted Uses and Restrictions.  Use of AI by state agencies shall be allowed under the following circumstances and with the following restrictions:

I.  If an AI system produces a recommendation or a decision, and this recommendation or decision once implemented or executed cannot be reversed, then the recommendation or decision must be reviewed by a human who is in an appropriate responsible position and is aware of the limitations of the AI system before the recommendation or decision takes effect.

II.  Such recommendations and decisions pertain to, but are not limited to, the following:

(a)  Situations in which limitations on rights and freedoms of an individual person or group of persons are determined.

(b)  Biometric identification to verify the identity of an individual person.

(c)  Management and operation of critical infrastructure.

(d)  Actions taken by law enforcement at the state and local levels.

(e)  Interpreting and applying the laws of the state, including sentencing.

III.  Any material produced by generative AI and that has not been reviewed, and possibly edited by a human in an appropriate responsible position, must be accompanied by disclosure that the content was generated by AI.

IV.  In all other circumstances in which a human user is interacting with an AI system, either directly or indirectly, the user must be informed that they are interacting with an AI system.

5-D:5  Compliance.

I.  All state agencies shall take the following actions no later than 9 months after the effective date of this chapter and report their compliance with the department of information technology:

(a)  Review the use of AI in their computer systems to verify, to the best of their knowledge, that they comply with the provisions of this chapter and the department of information technology code of ethics for AI systems. Any AI system that is prohibited shall be removed.

(b)  Modify all procedures relative to any use of AI that are inconsistent with this chapter so that these procedures are consistent with the requirements in this chapter.

II.  Any AI systems newly deployed by a state agency after the effective date of this chapter shall comply with the provisions of this chapter and the department of information technology code of ethics for AI systems. All newly implemented procedures relative to any use of AI that are implemented by a state agency after the effective date of this chapter shall be consistent with the requirements in this chapter.

III.  One year after the effective date of this chapter, the department of information technology shall provide to the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the president of the senate a report summarizing AI systems identified by state agencies recording which of those systems were prohibited and removed in compliance with this chapter, which systems are allowed according to this chapter, and what procedures have been implemented to ensure that the procurement and use of these systems will be in compliance with this chapter.  This report shall be updated annually to include new systems that state agencies have purchased.  All such reports shall also be posted on the department of information technology’s website.

5-D:6  Severability.

The provisions of this chapter are severable. If any provision of this chapter or its application is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.

2  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect July 1, 2024.

 

LBA

24-2510

12/11/23

 

HB 1688-FN- FISCAL NOTE

AS INTRODUCED

 

AN ACT relative to the use of artificial intelligence by state agencies.

 

FISCAL IMPACT:

The Office of Legislative Budget Assistant is unable to complete a fiscal note for this bill, as introduced, as it is awaiting information from the Department of Information Technology.  The Department was originally contacted on 11/07/23 and most recently contacted on 12/04/23 for a fiscal note worksheet.   When completed, the fiscal note will be forwarded to the  House Clerk's Office.

 

AGENCIES CONTACTED:

Department of Information Technology

 

Amendments

Date Amendment
March 20, 2024 2024-1254h

Links


Date Body Type
Feb. 14, 2024 House Hearing
March 20, 2024 House Exec Session
March 20, 2024 House Exec Session
March 20, 2024 House Floor Vote

Bill Text Revisions

HB1688 Revision: 41478 Date: March 28, 2024, 5:39 p.m.
HB1688 Revision: 41284 Date: March 20, 2024, 2:37 p.m.
HB1688 Revision: 40497 Date: Dec. 15, 2023, 4:09 p.m.

Docket


April 2, 2024: Introduced 03/21/2024 and Referred to Executive Departments and Administration; SJ 8


March 28, 2024: Ought to Pass with Amendment 2024-1254h: MA VV 03/28/2024 HJ 10


March 28, 2024: Amendment # 2024-1254h: AA VV 03/28/2024 HJ 10


March 20, 2024: Committee Report: Ought to Pass with Amendment # 2024-1254h 03/20/2024 (Vote 20-0; CC) HC 12 P. 16


March 11, 2024: Executive Session: 03/20/2024 10:30 am LOB 306-308


March 12, 2024: Subcommittee Work Session: 03/15/2024 11:00 am LOB 306-308


March 11, 2024: Executive Session: 03/20/2024 10:30 am LOB 306-308


Feb. 6, 2024: Public Hearing: 02/14/2024 11:30 am LOB 306-308


Dec. 15, 2023: Introduced 01/03/2024 and referred to Executive Departments and Administration HJ 1