SB563 (2024) Detail

Relative to federal immigration enforcement.


SB 563-FN - AS INTRODUCED

 

 

2024 SESSION

24-2873

12/05

 

SENATE BILL 563-FN

 

AN ACT relative to federal immigration enforcement.

 

SPONSORS: Sen. Gannon, Dist 23; Sen. Gendreau, Dist 1; Sen. Lang, Dist 2; Sen. Abbas, Dist 22; Sen. Murphy, Dist 16; Sen. Bradley, Dist 3; Sen. Birdsell, Dist 19; Sen. Pearl, Dist 17; Sen. Avard, Dist 12; Sen. Innis, Dist 7; Rep. Piemonte, Rock. 9; Rep. Bernardy, Rock. 36; Rep. Hobson, Rock. 14; Rep. L. Walsh, Rock. 15

 

COMMITTEE: Judiciary

 

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ANALYSIS

 

This bill prohibits state and local government entities from adopting sanctuary policies to prohibit or impede the enforcement of federal immigration law.

 

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Explanation: Matter added to current law appears in bold italics.

Matter removed from current law appears [in brackets and struckthrough.]

Matter which is either (a) all new or (b) repealed and reenacted appears in regular type.

24-2873

12/05

 

STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE

 

In the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand Twenty Four

 

AN ACT relative to federal immigration enforcement.

 

Be it Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened:

 

1  New Chapter; Anti-Sanctuary Act.  Amend RSA by inserting after chapter 130 the following new chapter:

CHAPTER 130-A

ANTI-SANCTUARY ACT

103-A:1  Definitions.  In this chapter:

I.  “Federal immigration agency” means the United States Department of Justice and the United States Department of Homeland Security, a division within such an agency, including United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement and United States Customs and Border Protection, any successor agency, and any other federal agency charged with the enforcement of immigration law.

II. “Immigration detainer” means a facially sufficient written or electronic request issued by a federal immigration agency using that agency's official form to request that another law enforcement agency detain a person based on probable cause to believe that the person to be detained is a removable alien under federal immigration law, including detainers issued pursuant to 8 U.S.C. sections 1226 and 1357 along with a warrant described in subparagraph (c).  For the purpose of this section, an immigration detainer shall be deemed facially sufficient if:

(a)  The federal immigration agency's official form is complete and indicates on its face that the federal immigration official has probable cause to believe that the person to be detained is a removable alien under federal immigration law; or

(b)  The federal immigration agency's official form is incomplete and fails to indicate on its face that the federal immigration official has probable cause to believe that the person to be detained is a removable alien under federal immigration law, but is supported by an affidavit, order, or other official documentation that indicates that the federal immigration agency has probable cause to believe that the person to be detained is a removable alien under federal immigration law; and

(c)  The federal immigration agency supplies with its detention request a Form I-200 Warrant for Arrest of Alien or a Form I-205 Warrant of Removal/Deportation or a successor warrant or other warrant authorized by federal law.

III. “Inmate” means a person in the custody of a law enforcement agency.

IV. “Law enforcement agency” means an agency in this state charged with enforcement of state, county, municipal, or federal laws or with managing custody of detained persons in this state and includes municipal police departments, sheriff’s offices, state police departments, state university and college police departments, county correctional agencies, and the department of corrections.

V. “Local governmental entity” means any county, municipality, or other political subdivision of this state.

VI. “Sanctuary policy” means a law, policy, practice, procedure, or custom adopted or allowed by a state entity or local governmental entity which prohibits or impedes a law enforcement agency from complying with 8 U.S.C. section 1373 or which prohibits or impedes a law enforcement agency from communicating or cooperating with a federal immigration agency so as to limit such law enforcement agency in, or prohibit the agency from:

(a) Complying with an immigration detainer;

(b) Complying with a request from a federal immigration agency to notify the agency before the release of an inmate or detainee in the custody of the law enforcement agency;

(c) Providing a federal immigration agency access to an inmate for interview;

(d) Participating in any program or agreement authorized under section 287 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. section 1357; or

(e) Providing a federal immigration agency with an inmate’s incarceration status or release date.

VII. “State entity” means any county, city, municipality, town, village, village district, special district, or other political subdivision of this state, including law enforcement agencies.  The term shall include officials, officers, representatives, agents, and employees.

103-A:2  Prohibition of Sanctuary Policies.  

No state government entity, local government entity, or law enforcement agency shall knowingly enact, issue, adopt, promulgate, enforce, permit, endorse, maintain, or have in effect any sanctuary policy.

103-A:3 Cooperation with Federal Immigration Authorities.

I. A law enforcement agency shall use best efforts to support the enforcement of federal immigration law.

II. Except as otherwise expressly prohibited by federal law, a state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency, or an employee, an agent, or a representative of the entity or agency, may not prohibit or in any way restrict a law enforcement agency from taking any of the following actions with respect to information regarding a person’s immigration status:

(a) Sending the information to or requesting, receiving, or reviewing the information from a federal immigration agency for purposes of this chapter.

(b) Recording and maintaining the information for purposes of this chapter.

(c) Exchanging the information with a federal immigration agency or another state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency for purposes of this chapter.

(d) Using the information to comply with an immigration detainer.

(e) Using the information to confirm the identity of a person who is detained by a law enforcement agency.

III. This section does not require a state entity, local governmental entity, or law enforcement agency to provide a federal immigration agency with information related to a victim of or a witness to a criminal offense if the victim or witness timely and in good faith responds to the entity’s or agency’s request for information and cooperation in the investigation or prosecution of the offense.

IV. This section does not authorize a law enforcement agency to detain an alien unlawfully present in the United States pursuant to an immigration detainer solely because the alien witnessed or reported a crime or was a victim of a criminal offense.

V. This section does not apply to any alien unlawfully present in the United States if he or she is or has been a necessary witness or victim of a crime of domestic violence, rape, sexual exploitation, sexual assault, murder, manslaughter, assault, battery, human trafficking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, involuntary servitude, fraud in foreign labor contracting, blackmail, extortion, or witness tampering.

103-A:4 Enforcement.

I. Any executive or administrative state, county, or municipal officer who violates his or her duties under this chapter may be subject to action by the attorney general, who may file suit against a local governmental entity or local law enforcement agency in a court of competent jurisdiction for declaratory or injunctive relief for a violation of this chapter.

II. If a local governmental entity or local law enforcement agency violates this chapter, the court shall enjoin the unlawful sanctuary policy. The court has continuing jurisdiction over the parties and subject matter and may enforce its orders with the initiation of contempt proceedings as provided by law.

III. An order approving a consent decree or granting an injunction shall include written findings of fact that describe with specificity the existence and nature of the sanctuary policy that violates this chapter.

2  Effective Date.  This act shall take effect January 1, 2025.

 

LBA

24-2873

Revised 12/20/23

 

SB 563-FN- FISCAL NOTE

AS INTRODUCED

 

AN ACT relative to federal immigration enforcement.

 

FISCAL IMPACT:      [ X ] State              [    ] County               [    ] Local              [    ] None

 

 

Estimated State Impact - Increase / (Decrease)

 

FY 2024

FY 2025

FY 2026

FY 2027

Revenue

$0

$0

$0

$0

Revenue Fund(s)

None

 

Expenditures

$0

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Indeterminable Increase

Funding Source(s)

General Fund

 

Appropriations

$0

$0

$0

$0

Funding Source(s)

None

 

Does this bill provide sufficient funding to cover estimated expenditures? [X] No

Does this bill authorize new positions to implement this bill? [X] No

 

 

METHODOLOGY:

This bill prohibits state and local government entities from adopting sanctuary policies to prohibit or impede the enforcement of federal immigration law.

 

The Department of Justice indicates this bill would authorize the Attorney General to bring enforcement actions for violations of the proposed chapter. The Department states the fiscal impact would be proportional to the number of enforcement actions brought under the bill and the corresponding personnel and litigation costs associated with each action. The number of  enforcement actions that may result from the bill is unknown.  A small number of enforcement actions may be absorbed by the present staffing levels and litigation budget.  If this bill resulted in a significant number of enforcement actions, the Department would require an additional attorney in the Bureau of Civil Law and an increase in the litigation budget.  A larger number of enforcement actions would necessitate and increase in the litigation budget by up to $100,000, and Department of Justice would need an attorney to oversee those actions.  The estimated cost of an additional attorney, including benefits and associated costs, would be $127,000 in FY 2025, $125,000 in FY 2026 and $125,000 in FY 2027.

 

The Judicial Branch states it is not possible to estimate how this change in law would impact the number of filings in the courts.  Because the bill creates a new enforcement action, it is expected that litigation could increase.

 

AGENCIES CONTACTED:

Department of Justice and Judicial Branch

 

Amendments

Date Amendment
April 10, 2024 2024-1484h

Links


Date Body Type
Feb. 1, 2024 Senate Hearing
March 7, 2024 Senate Floor Vote
March 21, 2024 Senate Floor Vote
April 17, 2024 House Hearing
April 19, 2024 House Exec Session
April 17, 2024 House Hearing
April 19, 2024 House Exec Session
April 19, 2024 House Exec Session
April 22, 2024 House Hearing
April 24, 2024 House Exec Session
April 24, 2024 House Exec Session

Bill Text Revisions

SB563 Revision: 41582 Date: April 10, 2024, 4:09 p.m.
SB563 Revision: 40306 Date: Dec. 20, 2023, 10:49 a.m.

Docket


April 16, 2024: Executive Session: 04/24/2024 11:00 am LOB 202-204


April 17, 2024: Full Committee Work Session: 04/22/2024 11:00 am LOB 202-204


April 17, 2024: ==CONTINUED== Public Hearing on non-germane Amendment # 2024-1484h: 04/22/2024 10:00 am LOB 202-204


April 16, 2024: Executive Session: 04/24/2024 11:00 am LOB 202-204


April 11, 2024: ==CANCELLED== Executive Session: 04/19/2024 01:00 pm LOB 202-204


April 10, 2024: Executive Session: 04/19/2024 09:30 am LOB 202-204


April 10, 2024: Executive Session: 04/19/2024 09:30 am LOB 202-204


April 10, 2024: ==RECESSED== Public Hearing on non-germane Amendment # 2024-1484h: 04/17/2024 02:00 pm LOB 202-204


April 10, 2024: Public Hearing: 04/17/2024 11:30 am LOB 202-204


April 2, 2024: Introduced (in recess of) 03/28/2024 and referred to Criminal Justice and Public Safety HJ 10


March 21, 2024: Ought to Pass: RC 14Y-9N, MA; OT3rdg; 03/21/2024; SJ 7


March 19, 2024: Committee Report: Ought to Pass, 03/21/2024, Vote 5-2; SC 11A


March 7, 2024: Ought to Pass: RC 14Y-10N, MA; Refer to Finance Rule 4-5; 03/07/2024; SJ 6


Feb. 21, 2024: Committee Report: Ought to Pass, 03/07/2024, Vote 3-2; SC 9


Jan. 24, 2024: Hearing: 02/01/2024, Room 100, SH, 01:00 pm; SC 5


Dec. 14, 2023: To Be Introduced 01/03/2024 and Referred to Judiciary; SJ 1